Practices(s) List for a protocol

Protocol Details:

Protocol Namepaddy-dhans
CropPaddy
Protocol TypeConventional
AuthorDhandapani Murugesan
NotesDhans KB



Practices List:
Sl. No Protocol Section Day (+/- Days) Order in that day Name, Description, Notes and Supplies PropertiesAdd New Practice
1 Preparation -50 (+/- 5) 1.0 Growing Manure:
Sow Daicha seeds. Apply Zinc sulphate. Plough the field with regular plough.
Notes: Crop should be ready to be ploughed into the field when nursery is 3 to 5 days old.
Supplies:
1 Daicha Seed
20.00
Kg / acre
e -
2 Zinc Sulphate
10.00
Kg / acre
e -
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2 Preparation -15 (+/- 2) 1.0 Green manure incorporation:
Incorporate grown Daicha plants and old stubbles if any into field by plouhing the field.
Notes:
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3 Preparation -1 (+/- 1) 1.0 Field Levelling:
Level the field using country leveller and power tiller.
Notes: Avoid using disc plough and lasser leveller in saline soils. They are suitable if soil is neutral and in water logged areas.
Supplies:
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4 Preparation -1 (+/- 1) 2.0 Basal application:
Mix Zinc Sulphate with FYM and spread it as basal nutrient application.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Zinc Sulphate
10.00
Kg / acre
e -
2 FYM
100.00
Kg / acre
e -
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5 Sowing 1 (+/- 0) 1.0 Transplant the seedlings:
Transplant the seedlings into main filed with 23.5 x 23.5 CM spacing. Use 2 to 3 seedlings per hill.
Notes: Use 5 seedlings per hill if it is a conventional planting
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6 Crop growing 3 (+/- 0) 1.0 Cowpea catch crop:
Sow cowpea seeds on the bunds. Growing cowpea seeds act as a catch crop.
Notes:
Supplies:
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7 Crop growing 3 (+/- 0) 1.0 Pretilachlor application:
Mix Pretilachlor with fine sand and apply to the field. Keep the water as a thin film so it gets fixed into the soil. Keep the filed with this thin film of water for 5 days before irrigate next time.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Pretilachlor
400.00
ml / acre
e -
2 Sand
50.00
Kg / acre
e -
3 Bensulfuron
4.00
Kg / acre
e -
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8 Crop growing 5 (+/- 1) 1.0 Pretilachlor application:
Do this only if this was not done at day 3. Apply Pretilachlor + Bensulfuron mix (Erase) with fine sand and apply to the field. Keep the water as a think film so it gets fixed into the soil. Keep the filed with this thin film of water for 5 day before irrigate next time. Please do this only if it is not done on 3rd day.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Erase
5.00
Kg / acre
e -
2 Sand
50.00
Kg / acre
e -
3 Bensulfuron
4.00
Kg / acre
e -
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9 Crop growing 5 (+/- 1) 2.0 Watch for Thrips:
watch for (a) damaged leaves have silvery streaks or yellowish patches (b) translucent epidermis becomes visible on damaged area (c ) leaves curled from the margin to the middle, and thrips will be living inside (d) cream-colored eggs on leaf tissue with upper half of eggs exposed on leaf surface (e) yellow larvae and dark brown adults lacerate the plant tissues
Notes:
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10 Crop growing 5 (+/- 1) 2.0 Watch for Stem borers:
(a) Deadhearts or dead tillers that can be easily pulled from the base during the vegetative stages (b) Tiny holes on the stems and tillers (c )Frass or fecal matters inside the damaged stems (d) Stems of dead hearts/ dead tillers can be pulled and inspected for larvae and pupae for confirmation of stem borer damage.
Notes: Whiteheads during reproductive stage where the emerging panicles are whitish and unfilled or empty
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11 Crop growing 8 (+/- 1) 1.0 Fertilizer application:
Mix DAP, Urea, Pottash and neem cake. Then mix all these with 100 Kg FYM and apply as basal for the field
Notes: Double all three for a modern short variety
Supplies:
1 DAP
10.00
Kg / acre
e -
2 Urea
5.00
Kg / acre
e -
3 Potassium
5.00
Kg / acre
e -
4 Neem Cake
1.50
Kg / acre
e -
5 FYM
100.00
Kg / acre
e -
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12 Crop growing 10 (+/- 0) 1.0 Foliar application (PK and ZnSulphate):
Mix Zinc Sulphate with Panchakavya solution and spran on the leves to provide vigur and induce disease tolerance.
Notes: Can substittue 0.2% Zn EDTA for Zn sulphate. For Zinc Sulphate use weight by volume. Eg 5 gram / 1 L = 0.5% solution
Supplies:
1 Zinc Sulphate
0.50
% / acre
e -
2 Panchakavya
0.30
% / acre
e -
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13 Crop growing 10 (+/- 1) 2.0 Watch for Thrips/Stem borers:
follow as seen in day 5 for thrips/stem borer scouting
Notes:
Supplies:
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14 Crop growing 10 (+/- 1) 3.0 Moniter insects (pheromone trap):
Install pheromone traps with 5 mg lure. 2 - 3 traps/ac for monitoring insect movements.
Notes: Replace lures every 30 days until harvest
Supplies:
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15 Crop growing 15 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for Thrips/Stem borers:
follow as seen in day 5 for thrips/stem borer scouting
Notes:
Supplies:
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16 Crop growing 17 (+/- 3) 1.0 Weeding:
Perform manual weeding. Perform cona weekding if it is neutral soil. But, do not do cona weeding if it is saline soil or soil that is deficient in Zn.
Notes:
Supplies:
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17 Crop growing 17 (+/- 3) 2.0 Fertilizer application:
Mix Urea, Potash and neem cake. Apply the mixture evenly.
Notes: Double all three for a modern short variety
Supplies:
1 Urea
5.00
Kg / acre
e -
2 Potassium
5.00
Kg / acre
e -
3 Neem Cake
15.00
Kg / acre
e -
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18 Crop growing 20 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for Thrips/Stem borers:
follow as seen in day 5 for thrips/stem borer scouting
Notes:
Supplies:
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19 Crop growing 20 (+/- 1) 2.0 Watch for leaf folders:
Inspect at least 10 plants per acre closely for folded leaves. Repeat this whenever possible for until its day 60.
Notes:
Supplies:
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20 Crop growing 24 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for Thrips/Stem borers:
follow as seen in day 5 for thrips/stem borer scouting
Notes:
Supplies:
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21 Crop growing 25 (+/- 1) 1.0 Health Check:
Count tillers. For an ideal growth there should be 10 to 12 tillers. If less is observed identify the problem and treat accordingly
Notes:
Supplies:
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22 Crop growing 25 (+/- 1) 2.0 Fertilizer application:
For Nitrogen deficiency: Mix Urea, Potash and neem cake. Apply the mixture evenly.
Notes: Double all three for a modern short variety
Supplies:
1 Urea
5.00
Kg / acre
e -
2 Potassium
5.00
Kg / acre
e -
3 Neem Cake
15.00
Kg / acre
e -
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23 Crop growing 25 (+/- 1) 3.0 Fertilizer application:
Zinc Sulphate with Panchakavya solution and spray it on the leves to provide vigur and diesease tolerance. Please spray this in the evening.
Notes: Can substittue 0.2% Zn EDTA for Zn sulphate. For Zinc Sulphate use weight by volume. Eg 5 gram / 1 L = 0.5% solution
Supplies:
1 Zinc Sulphate
0.50
% / acre
e -
2 Panchakavya
0.30
% / acre
e -
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24 Crop growing 25 (+/- 1) 4.0 Fertilizer application:
If it is saline soil mix Zn EDTA with FYM and apply to the field
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Zinc EDTA
500.00
gram / acre
e -
2 FYM
100.00
Kg / acre
e -
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25 Crop growing 25 (+/- 1) 5.0 Watch for leaf folders:
(a) longitudinal and transparent whitish streaks on damaged leaves (b) tubular folded leaves with larvae inside (c ) leaf tips sometimes fastened to the basal part of leaf (d) young larvae feeding on the base of the youngest unopened leaves,
Notes:
Supplies:
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26 Crop growing 30 (+/- 1) 5.0 Watch for leaf folders:
follow as seen in day 25 for leaf folder scouting
Notes:
Supplies:
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27 Crop growing 35 (+/- 1) 5.0 Watch for leaf folders:
follow as seen in day 25 for leaf folder scouting
Notes:
Supplies:
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28 Crop growing 40 (+/- 1) 5.0 Watch for leaf folders:
follow as seen in day 25 for leaf folder scouting
Notes:
Supplies:
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29 Crop growing 40 (+/- 1) 6.0 Replace lure:
Replace lure in pheromone trap
Notes:
Supplies:
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30 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 1.0 Health Check:
Count tillers. For an ideal growth there should be 25 tillers for tall Indica. A modern short variety should have 25 to 30 tillers.
Notes:
Supplies:
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31 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for Leaf Blast:
look for (a) lessions that are elliptical or spindle-shaped and whitish to gray centers with red to brownish or necrotic border. (b) diamond shape, wide in the center and pointed toward either end. (c) Initial symptoms appear as white to gray-green lesions or spots, with dark green borders
Notes: Leaf blast lesions are usually elongated and pointed at each end, while brown spot lesions tend to be more round, brown in colour and have a yellow halo surrounding the lesion. http://knowledgebank.irri.org/training/fact-sheets/pest-management/diseases/item/blast-leaf-collar
Supplies:
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32 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 2.0 Fentilizer application:
Mix Urea, Potash and neem cake. Apply the mixture evenly.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Urea
10.00
Kg / acre
e -
2 Potassium
10.00
Kg / acre
e -
3 Neem Cake
30.00
Kg / acre
e -
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33 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 3.0 Fentilizer application:
Mix Zinc Sulphate with Panchakavya solution and spran on the leves to provide vigur.
Notes: If its medium duration var, do this instead at 50th day
Supplies:
1 Zinc Sulphate
0.30
% / acre
e -
2 Panchakavya
0.50
% / acre
e -
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34 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 4.0 Watch for leaf folders:
follow as seen in day 25 for leaf folder scouting
Notes:
Supplies:
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35 Crop growing 50 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for Leaf Blast:
follow as seen in day 55 for leaf blast scouting
Notes:
Supplies:
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36 Crop growing 50 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for leaf folders:
follow as seen in day 25 for leaf folder scouting
Notes:
Supplies:
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37 Crop growing 55 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for leaf folders:
follow as seen in day 25 for leaf folder scouting
Notes:
Supplies:
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38 Crop growing 55 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for Leaf Blast:
follow as seen in day 55 for leaf blast scouting
Notes:
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39 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for Blight:
(a) On older plants, lesions usually develop as water-soaked to yellow-orange stripes on leaf blades or leaf tips or on mechanically injured parts of leaves. Lesions have a wavy margin and progress toward the leaf base. (b) Check for wilting and yellowing of leaves, or wilting of seedlings (also called kresek). To distinguish kresek symptoms from stem borer damage, squeeze the lower end of infected seedlings between the fingers. Kresek symptoms should show yellowish bacterial ooze coming out of the cut ends. Unlike plants infested with stem borer, rice plants with kresek are not easily pulled out from soil.
Notes:
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40 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 1.0 Health Check:
Count tillers. For an ideal growth there should be 30 tillers. Stop applying all chemical at this stage.
Notes:
Supplies:
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41 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for Leaf Blast:
follow as seen in day 55 for leaf blast scouting
Notes:
Supplies:
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42 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 2.0 Watch for leaf folders:
follow as seen in day 25 for leaf folder scouting
Notes:
Supplies:
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43 Crop growing 70 (+/- 1) 6.0 Replace lure:
Replace lure in pheromone trap
Notes:
Supplies:
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44 Crop growing 75 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for Brown Plant Hopper (BPH):
Grasp the plant, bend it over slightly, and gently tap it near the base to see if planthoppers fall onto the water surface. For transplanted rice look at bases of 10 to 20 hills as you cross the field diagonally. Inspect plants also for (a) crescent-shaped white eggs inserted into the midrib or sheathfolded (b) white to brown nymphs (c) brown or white adults feeding near the base of tillers. In the filed look for (a) yellowing/browing spots (b) presense of honey dew and shooty molds in the bases of infected areas (c ) stunted plants (by Rugged stunt/grassy stunt virus)
Notes: http://www.knowledgebank.irri.org/index.php?option=com_zoo&task=item&item_id=795&Itemid=757
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45 Crop growing 80 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for Brown Plant Hopper (BPH):
as in day 75
Notes:
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46 Crop growing 85 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for Brown Plant Hopper (BPH):
as in day 75
Notes:
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47 Crop growing 90 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for Brown Plant Hopper (BPH):
as in day 75
Notes:
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Protocol Section
Day info:
Day Days Upto +/- Ordinal in that Day
Name :
Description :
Notes :
Supply :Rate : eg., 50 Kg / Acre
/ Acre