Practices(s) List for a protocol

Protocol Details:

Protocol Namepaddy-dhans-nursery
CropPaddy
Protocol TypeConventional
AuthorDhandapani Murugesan
NotesDhans KB



Practices List:
Sl. No Protocol Section Day (+/- Days) Order in that day Name, Description, Notes and Supplies PropertiesAdd New Practice
1 Preparation -12 (+/- 2) 1.0 Field preparation:
Plough the land using power tiller. If possible incorporate green leaf manures into soil.
Notes:
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2 Preparation -3 (+/- 1) 1.0 Nursery bed preparation:
Prepare a bed Length x Width x Height ( 30 M x 1.5 M x 15 CM). Spread the FYM onto the raised beds and gently mix them in to the soil.
Notes: Ideally for a bed of 10 M x 1.5M one can use 1 Kg of seed.
Supplies:
1 FYM
100.00
Kg / acre
e -
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3 Preparation -2 (+/- 0) 1.0 Soak Seeds:
Mix seed, water, Azospirillum, Phospho bacteria, Pseudomonas and panchakavya very well and put it in a gunny bag. Soak it overnight. Please do NOT add fertilizers at this stage.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Seed
30.00
Kg / acre
e -
2 Water
50.00
Litre / acre
e -
3 Azospirillum
500.00
gram / acre
e -
4 Phosphobacteria
500.00
gram / acre
e -
5 Pseudomonas fluorescens
500.00
gram / acre
e -
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4 Preparation -1 (+/- 0) 1.0 Dry soaked seeds:
Drain the water from gunny bag and save it for resoaking. Move the gunny bag with seed to shade. Dry the seeds in shade for 6 hrs while keeping them in Gunny bag itself. Do not remove the seeds. Dry the seed for 6 hrs.
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5 Preparation -1 (+/- 0) 2.0 Re-soak seeds:
Soak gunny bag with seeds again for 1 hr in the same solution. This will be done mostly during evening of the same day. This accelrates seed germination.
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6 Preparation -1 (+/- 0) 3.0 Sprout the seeds:
Drain the water from gunny bag and save it for sprinkling over nursery bed during sowing. Move the gunny bag with seed to shade. Let the seeds germinate until next morning (day of sowing). It is also a good time to check if the nursery beds are ready. Also keep coconut leaves or paddy straw ready for mulching purposes.
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7 Preparation 1 (+/- 0) 1.0 Check for Seed Germination:
In the morning observe for protruding white color roots from seeds. Length of the root may vary. Some varieties give long root, some will give short. Seeds are now ready for sowing. Keep the seeds under shade all the time.
Notes:
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8 Preparation 1 (+/- 0) 5.0 Zinc application:
Mix Zinc EDTA and Zinc Sulphate with welcomposed FYM, sprinkle it on the bed. Pour the water drained from seed soaking over the bed evenly.
Notes: Zinc sulphate and Zinc EDTA addresses the Zn requirement at different life stages of the seedling
Supplies:
1 Zinc EDTA
100.00
gram / acre
e -
2 Zinc Sulphate
1.00
Kg / acre
e -
3 FYM
10.00
Kg / acre
e -
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9 Sowing 1 (+/- 0) 6.0 Sowing:
Spread the germinated seeds evenly on the bed surface. Spread around 3 to 3.5 Kgs of seeds per bed of 1.5 M width and 30 M length (or 1 Cent area). Do not burry the seeds deep into nursery bed. Just disturb the soil slightly with finger tips to cover the seeds with soil.
Notes: Ideally for a bed of 10 M x 1.5M one can use 1 Kg of seed.
Supplies:
1 Seed
3.50
Kg / acre
e -
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10 Sowing 1 (+/- 0) 7.0 Mulching:
Spread paddy straw or coconut leaves over nuersery to provide shade.
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11 Sowing 1 (+/- 0) 8.0 Watering :
Water the nursery using a rose can over mulching material.
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12 Crop growing 2 (+/- 0) 1.0 Watering :
Water the nursery using a rose can.
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13 Crop growing 3 (+/- 0) 1.0 Watering :
Water again if the bed gets dried
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14 Crop growing 4 (+/- 1) 1.0 Watch for germination:
Germination should be seen now. Radical will be seen to go into the soil, and plumonory leaves will grow up. At this stage there is no need to use rose can anymore. Start to irrigate the nursery beds through channels around them.
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15 Crop growing 7 (+/- 2) 1.0 Watch for growth - 1 leaf:
First real leaf should be observed between 5th and 7th days.
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16 Crop growing 7 (+/- 2) 2.0 Watch for infestation:
Keenly look for leaf blight and stem borers. Below are the example pictures for your reference.
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17 Crop growing 10 (+/- 2) 1.0 Watch for Seedling rot:
Watch for brownish discoloration below or above the soil line. In severe cases seedlings are stunted and turns yellow completely. Sometimes the it will be draker red close to soil line. Please also check for fungal bodies on the collor of infected plant or on the seeds.
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18 Crop growing 12 (+/- 2) 2.0 Watch for infestation:
Keenly look for leaf blight and stem borers. Below are the example pictures for your reference.
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19 Harvesting 15 (+/- 2) 1.0 Watch for growth - 2/3 leaves:
Second leaf should be now 10 to 15 CM tall. Please check for pre formed tillers (munthoor) at this stage by separating the outer leaves slightly. If these are seen in the plant, seedlings are ready for transplantation. If second and third leaves are not tall enough, seedlings may be left in the field until 21st day after sowing. Also observere for seedling's root length. Short and strong white roots are ideal for transplantation. Short and strong roots minimizes the transplatation shock.
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20 Harvesting 15 (+/- 2) 2.0 Seedling Pulling:
Gently pull the seedlings without disturbing roots, rinse and bundle them.
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21 Harvesting 15 (+/- 2) 3.0 Biofertilizer Seedling dip:
Optionally dip the seedling roots in the biofertilizer mix solution. Prepare the solution by mixing Azospirillum, psuedomonas, and phosphobacteria into water. Soak the seedling roots between 30 mins and 2 hrs in this solution. Keep the seedlings in shade at all times.
Notes: Keeping seedlings in shade all the time avoids transplantation shock. This helps the seedlings estabilish quickly in the main field. The vigour gained also helps fighting the pest in main field.
Supplies:
1 Azospirillum
500.00
gram / acre
e -
2 Phosphobacteria
500.00
gram / acre
e -
3 Pseudomonas fluorescens
500.00
gram / acre
e -
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Protocol Section
Day info:
Day Days Upto +/- Ordinal in that Day
Name :
Description :
Notes :
Supply :Rate : eg., 50 Kg / Acre
/ Acre