Practices(s) List for a protocol

Protocol Details:

Protocol NameYellowmustard_Onganic_Organic
CropYellowmustard
Protocol TypeOrganic
AuthorMohan Ram
NotesFrom seed



Practices List:
Sl. No Protocol Section Day (+/- Days) Order in that day Name, Description, Notes and Supplies PropertiesAdd New Practice
1 Field Preparation -66 (+/- 2) 2.0 Sowing green manure crop:
Plough the field followed by sowing the dhaincha Seed on the ploughed field and allow to grow. Dhaincha is a green manure crop which is to be incorporated at the stage of flowering.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Dhaincha Seed
20.00
Kg / acre
e -
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2 Field Preparation -21 (+/- 2) 1.0 Dry ploughing:
At flowering stage dhaincha crop is incorporated into the soil using rotavator. Ploughing the field in such a way the soil is churned with Water which provides better aeration. Dhaincha has the ability to fix nitrogen. Once when incorporated into the soil it provides nearly 25-35 Kg of N/acre.
Notes:
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3 Field Preparation -20 (+/- 1) 0.0 Panchagavya preparation:
Panchagavya has to be prepared in a wide mouth container made of mud, concrete or plastic. Use all the cow products from the indigenous breeds is more effective. Mix the two ingredients Cow Dung and cow ghee thoroughly and keep it for 3 days covered with wet cotton clothes. Mix well morning and evening hours for 3 days. Collect Cow Dung early in the morning which has more microorganisms.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Cow Dung
10.00
Kg / acre
e -
2 Cow Ghee
500.00
gram / acre
e -
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4 Field Preparation -20 (+/- 1) 1.0 Border crop planting:
Planting of border crop castor to monitor the pest incidence (especially the bihar hairy caterpillar). Castor attracts the pest which can be further cleared by manual methods.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Castor
0.50
Kg / acre
e -
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5 Field Preparation -18 (+/- 1) 0.0 Panchagavya preparation:
After 3 days mix Cow Milk, curd & urine, Water,tender coconut,jaggery,banana and keep it for 30 days. The mixture is stirred by using a stick for 50 times both clockwise and anticlockwise directions in morning and evening hours. Clean the stick after use ( otherwise mosquitoes lay eggs on sticks which affects the quality when again used for stirring ). Collect Cow Milk & urine early in the morning which has more microorganisms. Use chemical free jaggery(dark brown) before processing ( without sulphur ). No need to purchase new. It is added as a food for beneficial microorganisms growth. Don’t use chlorinated Water for any kind of the organic inputs preparation. The container should be kept open under shade and covered with insect nets to prevent the egg layings of mosquito. Don’t close it with lid. The Panchagavya solution will be ready after 30 days.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Jaggery
1.50
Kg / acre
e -
2 Tender Coconut
4.00
Litre / acre
e -
3 Cow Milk
6.00
Litre / acre
e -
4 Curd
6.00
Litre / acre
e -
5 Poovan Banana
10.00
numbers / acre
e -
6 Cow Urine
10.00
Litre / acre
e -
7 Water
10.00
Litre / acre
e -
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6 Field Preparation -15 (+/- 2) 1.0 Basal application:
Application of well decomposted organic manure along with Neem Cake to the field and incorporating them into the soil. Soil is again turned to mix the organic manure along with Neem Cake into the soil.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Vermicompost
2.00
ton / acre
e -
2 Poultry Manure
2.00
ton / acre
e -
3 FYM
4.00
ton / acre
e -
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7 Field Preparation -12 (+/- 2) 1.0 Land levelling:
Land should be levelled for better establishment of crop. It also helps for efficient irrigation, surface drainage and minimizes the soil erosion.
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8 Field Preparation 1 (+/- 0) 1.0 Seed treatment:
Seed are treated with Trichoderma viride, Phosphobacteria, Pseudomonas and Azospiriilum. Prepare the biofertilizer mixture with Water as per recommendations and treated with Seed. The treated Seed are allowed for shade drying for 8-10 hours.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Seed
4.00
Kg / acre
e -
2 Trichoderma viride
16.00
gram / acre
e -
3 Pseudomonas fluorescens
40.00
gram / acre
e -
4 Azospirillum
40.00
gram / acre
e -
5 Phosphobacteria
40.00
gram / acre
e -
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9 Sowing 1 (+/- 0) 2.0 Sowing:
Seed are sown in shallow drenches and covered with soil. The seed should be placed in 2-3 cm depth. Over depth should be avoided for proper and earlier germination.
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10 Crop growing 1 (+/- 0) 3.0 Irrigation:
Mostly sowing takes place during the rainy season. Irrigate the crop if the land observed dry.
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11 Crop growing 3 (+/- 0) 1.0 Germination:
Germination of Seed can be seen soon after sowing. Mustard is fast growing crop.
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12 Crop growing 5 (+/- 0) 1.0 Installation of yellow sticky traps:
Place the yellow sticky traps randomly in the field at the height of 2-3 fts from the ground level. It should cover the whole area. Instant yellow traps are available in the market. You can also made traps easily in your farm. The main use of these traps is to monitor the presence of sucking pests like aphids, whitefly, brown hoppers etc.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Yellow Sticky Trap
5.00
numbers / acre
e -
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13 Crop growing 7 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring for Damping off:
Damping off is disease during the nursery stages of the crop. Careful monitoring of crop is necessary.
Notes:
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14 Crop growing 7 (+/- 0) 2.0 Monitoring of yellow sticky traps:
Monitor the traps if mustard aphid is present. Then take the precautionary measures to reduce the damage of the crop.
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15 Crop growing 10 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of mustard sawfly attack:
Mustard saw fly larva feeds on the leaves and bore holes into the leaves. And skeletonise the top leaves.If present it is necessary to take precautionary measures to control the spread of disease.
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16 Crop growing 12 (+/- 2) 1.0 Thinning out:
Thinning out the seedlings is done to avoid the competition of crop.The plant should be at 10 cm within plants and 30 cm between rows.
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17 Crop growing 15 (+/- 2) 1.0 Monitoring of yellow sticky traps:
Monitor the traps if mustard aphid is present. Then take the precautionary measures to reduce the damage of the crop.
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18 Crop growing 17 (+/- 2) 1.0 Monitoring for painted bug damage:
Painted bug damage starts at this stage. Bugs feed on sap of the leaves, flowers and therefore reducing the yield of the crop.
Notes:
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19 Crop growing 17 (+/- 2) 2.0 Monitoring for bihar hairy caterpillar:
Young larva feed on leaves and destroyed them completely. If the mentioned symptoms are present take preventive measure to control the spread of disease.
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20 Crop growing 20 (+/- 3) 1.0 Monitoring of white rust:
White rust is characterised by yellow colour spots on the leaves, underneath the leaf surface you can find the white outgrowth. If the mentioned symptoms are present take preventive measure to control the spread of disease.
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21 Crop growing 25 (+/- 2) 1.0 Application of panchakavya:
Spraying of panchakavya solution boost the immunity and increases the yield of the crop.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Panchakavya
3.00
Litre / acre
e -
2 Water
100.00
Litre / acre
e -
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22 Crop growing 25 (+/- 5) 2.0 Weeding:
Weeding should be done to by this time to reduce the crop competition for nutrition, space and Water.
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23 Crop growing 30 (+/- 2) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigation is done when there is no rainfall or soil has poor Water holding capacity.
Notes:
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24 Crop growing 35 (+/- 3) 1.0 Monitoring of white rust:
White rust is characterised by yellow colour spots on the leaves , underneath the leaf surface you can find the white outgrowth. If the mentioned symptoms are present take preventive measure to control the spread of disease.
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25 Crop growing 40 (+/- 2) 1.0 Monitoring for painted bug damage:
Painted bug damage starts at this stage.Bugs feed on sap of the leaves , flowers and therefore reducing the yield of the crop.
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26 Crop growing 42 (+/- 5) 1.0 Initiation of flowering:
At this stage the flowering of mustard starts. Observe the flowers at this stage is critical. If minimum flowering is observed go for spraying of organic inputs which can increases the flowers.
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27 Crop growing 50 (+/- 5) 1.0 Weeding:
Weeding should be done to by this time to reduce the crop competition for nutrition, space and Water.
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28 Crop growing 55 (+/- 1) 1.0 Monitoring for Alternaria blight:
Dark brown spot with dot like bodies developed on stem, branches, leaflet and pods. In severe infestation, withering of stem and pod is observed.
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29 Crop growing 60 (+/- 0) 2.0 Irrigation:
Irrigation is done when there is no rainfall or soil has poor Water holding capacity.
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30 Crop growing 70 (+/- 5) 1.0 Seed setting:
By this time the siliqua of mustard starts to set. You can find siliqua on the fields
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31 Crop growing 80 (+/- 2) 1.0 Monitoring for painted bug damage:
Painted bug damage starts at this stage.Bugs feed on sap of the leaves , flowers and therefore reducing the yield of the crop.
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32 Crop growing 100 (+/- 5) 1.0 Maturity:
By this time maturity of the Seed takes place and crop turns brown colour.
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33 Harvesting 110 (+/- 10) 1.0 Harvesting:
Harvest crop when pods turn yellow and seed become hard. To avoid shattering loss carried out harvesting in morning hours. With the help of sickle, cut crops close to ground. After then stacked harvested crops for 7-10 days. After proper drying complete the threshing operation.
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Protocol Section
Day info:
Day Days Upto +/- Ordinal in that Day
Name :
Description :
Notes :
Supply :Rate : eg., 50 Kg / Acre
/ Acre