Practices(s) List for a protocol

Protocol Details:

Protocol NameMasoorDhal_Desi
CropMasoor Dhal
Protocol TypeConventional
AuthorMohan Ram
NotesFrom seed



Practices List:
Sl. No Protocol Section Day (+/- Days) Order in that day Name, Description, Notes and Supplies PropertiesAdd New Practice
1 Field Preparation -66 (+/- 2) 2.0 Sowing green manure crop:
Plough the field followed by sowing the dhaincha seeds on the ploughed field and allow to grow. Dhaincha is a green manure crop which is to be incorporated at the stage of flowering.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Dhaincha Seed
20.00
Kg / acre
e -
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2 Field Preparation -21 (+/- 2) 1.0 Dry ploughing:
At flowering stage dhaincha crop is incorporated into the soil using rotavator. Ploughing the field in such a way the soil is churned with water which provides better aeration. Dhaincha has the ability to fix nitrogen. Once when incorporated into the soil it provides nearly 25-35 kg of N/acre.
Notes:
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3 Field Preparation -20 (+/- 1) 0.0 Panchagavya preparation:
Panchagavya has to be prepared in a wide mouth container made of mud, concrete or plastic. Use all the cow products from the indigenous breeds is more effective. Mix the two ingredients Cow Dung and cow ghee thoroughly and keep it for 3 days covered with wet cotton clothes. Mix well morning and evening hours for 3 days. Collect Cow Dung early in the morning which has more microorganisms.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Cow Dung
10.00
Kg / acre
e -
2 Cow Ghee
500.00
gram / acre
e -
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4 Field Preparation -20 (+/- 1) 1.0 Border crop planting:
Planting of border crop castor to monitor the pest incidence(especially the pod borers). Castor attracts the pest which can be further cleared by manual methods.
Notes:
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5 Field Preparation -18 (+/- 1) 0.0 Panchagavya preparation:
After 3 days mix Cow Milk, curd & urine, water,tender coconut,jaggery,banana and keep it for 30 days. The mixture is stirred by using a stick for 50 times both clockwise and anticlockwise directions in morning and evening hours. Clean the stick after use ( otherwise mosquitoes lay eggs on sticks which affects the quality when again used for stirring ). Collect Cow Milk & urine early in the morning which has more microorganisms. Use chemical free jaggery(dark brown) before processing ( without sulphur ). No need to purchase new. It is added as a food for beneficial microorganisms growth. Don’t use chlorinated water for any kind of the organic inputs preparation. The container should be kept open under shade and covered with insect nets to prevent the egg layings of mosquito. Don’t close it with lid. The Panchagavya solution will be ready after 30 days.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Jaggery
1.50
Kg / acre
e -
2 Tender Coconut
4.00
Litre / acre
e -
3 Cow Milk
6.00
Litre / acre
e -
4 Curd
6.00
Litre / acre
e -
5 Poovan Banana
10.00
numbers / acre
e -
6 Cow Urine
10.00
Litre / acre
e -
7 Water
10.00
Litre / acre
e -
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6 Field Preparation -15 (+/- 2) 1.0 Basal application:
Application of well decomposted organic manure along with neem cake to the field and incorporating them into the soil. Soil is again turned to mix the organic manure along with neem cake into the soil.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Vermicompost
2.00
ton / acre
e -
2 Poultry Manure
2.00
ton / acre
e -
3 Neem Cake
100.00
Kg / acre
e -
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7 Field Preparation -12 (+/- 2) 1.0 Land levelling:
Land should be levelled for better establishment of crop. It also helps for efficient irrigation, surface drainage and minimizes the soil erosion.
Notes:
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8 Sowing 1 (+/- 0) 1.0 Seed treatment:
Soak the seeds in the biofertilizer mix solution. Prepare the solution by mixing Azospirillum, Pseudomonas, and Phosphobacteria into water. 300 ml of water is required to treat 1 kg of seeds. Prepare the solution based on the seed rate. After soaking the seeds, excess solution is poured into the field. Soak the seed between 8 hrs in this solution. After this allow the seeds to dry under shade.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Azospirillum
10.00
gram / acre
e -
2 Pseudomonas fluorescens
10.00
gram / acre
e -
3 Phosphobacteria
10.00
gram / acre
e -
4 Trichoderma viride
10.00
gram / acre
e -
5 Rhizobacteria
10.00
gram / acre
e -
6 Water
300.00
ml / acre
e -
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9 Sowing 1 (+/- 0) 2.0 Seed Sowing:
Shade dried seeds are sown in furrows made at the distance of 60 cm apart from other furrow. The seeds are sown at the depth of 4-6 cm. Seeds are sown and covered with the soil.
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10 Crop growing 3 (+/- 0) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigation is given at the third day which is necessary for the germination.
Notes:
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11 Crop growing 3 (+/- 0) 2.0 Setting of yellow sticky trap:
Place the yellow sticky traps randomly in the field at the height of 2-3 fts from the ground level. It should cover the whole area.Instant yellow traps are available in the market. You can also made traps easily in your farm. The main use of these traps is to monitor the presence of sucking pests like aphids,whitefly,brown hoppers etc.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Yellow Sticky Trap
5.00
numbers / acre
e -
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12 Crop growing 4 (+/- 0) 1.0 Setting up of light trap:
Light trap is set at the field to monitor the pest in the field. Based on the number of adults found in light trap, precautionary measures can be taken to avoid the vast spread of pest. Light trap is set and at the bottom water mixed with kerosene is recommended. The light trap is set during evening hours from 6 pm to 9.30 pm. Keeping the light trap for more than the recommended hours would result in trapping of beneficial insects.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Light Trap
1.00
numbers / acre
e -
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13 Crop growing 7 (+/- 3) 1.0 Emergence of seeds:
By this day complete germination of seeds would have take place.Check the germination percentage of the crop.
Notes:
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14 Crop growing 8 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of yellow sticky trap:
Monitor the traps if any sucking pest and brown plant hoppers and green plant hoppers. If it is identified take the precautionary measures to reduce the damage of the crop.
Notes:
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15 Crop growing 9 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring for the incidence of aphids:
Aphids attack the crop at the early stages and gives a great economic damage to the crop.
Notes:
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16 Crop growing 10 (+/- 2) 1.0 Monitoring of light trap:
Monitor the traps if any pest.If there is numerous collection of pest in light trap ,then take a precautionary measure to spray.
Notes:
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17 Crop growing 12 (+/- 0) 1.0 Thinning out seedlings:
Thinning of seedlings which provides proper growth and yield . It also reduces the competition between crop. After Thinning out the spacing maintained should be 30 cm within plants and 60 cm between rows.
Notes:
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18 Crop growing 15 (+/- 0) 1.0 Introduce lacewing parasitoids:
Placing of Parasitoids eggs like green lace wing would necessarily monitor the growth of the incidence of pest and it would biologically control the pest by parasitoizing on them.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Chrysoperla carnea eggs
20000.00
numbers / acre
e -
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19 Crop growing 16 (+/- 2) 1.0 Weeding:
Removal of weeds helps to reduce the competition for light,nutrients, between crop and weed. Use cono weeder or manual weeding by hand uprooting of weeds from the field. Conoweeder helps to incorporate the weeds into the field. It helps to improve the nutrient content of the soil.
Notes:
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20 Crop growing 17 (+/- 2) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigation is necessary at seed germination , pre-flowering , post flowering and pod formation stages.
Notes:
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21 Crop growing 18 (+/- 2) 1.0 Monitoring of light trap:
Monitor the traps if any pest.If there is numerous collection of pest in light trap ,then take a precautionary measure to spray.
Notes:
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22 Crop growing 19 (+/- 3) 1.0 Monitoring of yellow sticky trap:
Monitor the traps if any sucking pest and brown plant hoppers and green plant hoppers. If it is identified take the precautionary measures to reduce the damage of the crop.
Notes:
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23 Crop growing 25 (+/- 2) 1.0 Weeding:
Removal of weeds helps to reduce the competition for light,nutrients, between crop and weed. Use cono weeder or manual weeding by hand uprooting of weeds from the field. Conoweeder helps to incorporate the weeds into the field. It helps to improve the nutrient content of the soil.
Notes:
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24 Crop growing 26 (+/- 2) 1.0 Monitoring of light trap:
Monitor the traps if any pest.If there is numerous collection of pest in light trap ,then take a precautionary measure to spray.
Notes:
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25 Crop growing 28 (+/- 2) 1.0 Monitoring of yellow sticky trap:
Monitor the traps if any sucking pest and brown plant hoppers and green plant hoppers. If it is identified take the precautionary measures to reduce the damage of the crop.
Notes:
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26 Crop growing 29 (+/- 3) 1.0 Monitoring for the incidence of aphids:
Aphids attack the crop at the early stages and gives a great economic damage to the crop.
Notes:
Supplies:
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27 Crop growing 30 (+/- 0) 1.0 Introduce lacewing parasitoids:
Placing of Parasitoids eggs like green lace wing would necessarily monitor the growth of the incidence of pest and it would biologically control the pest by parasitoizing on them.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Chrysoperla carnea eggs
20000.00
numbers / acre
e -
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28 Crop growing 33 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of yellow sticky trap:
Monitor the traps if any sucking pest and brown plant hoppers and green plant hoppers. If it is identified take the precautionary measures to reduce the damage of the crop.
Notes:
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29 Crop growing 40 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of light trap:
Monitor the traps if any pest.If there is numerous collection of pest in light trap ,then take a precautionary measure to spray.
Notes:
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30 Crop growing 43 (+/- 0) 1.0 Spraying of panchakavya solution:
Panchagavya acts as a growth regulator and gives better results when sprayed as foliar spray at booting and tillering stage.Filter the content before use.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Panchakavya
3.00
Litre / acre
e -
2 Water
100.00
Litre / acre
e -
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31 Crop growing 44 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of ascochyta blight:
Ascochyta blight is severe at this stage monitoring at this stage and spraying of organic inputs which can bring down the severity of the disease.
Notes:
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32 Crop growing 44 (+/- 2) 2.0 Irrigation:
Irrigation is necessary at seed germination , pre-flowering , post flowering and pod formation stages.
Notes:
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33 Crop growing 45 (+/- 0) 1.0 Initiation of Flowering:
By this time the flowering would start.The flowering can be enhanced by spraying of panchakavya.
Notes:
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34 Crop growing 47 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of yellow sticky trap:
Monitor the traps if any sucking pest and brown plant hoppers and green plant hoppers. If it is identified take the precautionary measures to reduce the damage of the crop.
Notes:
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35 Crop growing 49 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of light trap:
Monitor the traps if any pest.If there is numerous collection of pest in light trap ,then take a precautionary measure to spray.
Notes:
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36 Crop growing 50 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of Fusarium wilt incidence:
Fusarium wilt occurs at this stage.Precautionary measure by application of trichoderma viride and pseudomonas provides a good soil free of pathogens.
Notes:
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37 Crop growing 50 (+/- 2) 2.0 Weeding:
Removal of weeds helps to reduce the competition for light,nutrients, between crop and weed. Use cono weeder or manual weeding by hand uprooting of weeds from the field. Conoweeder helps to incorporate the weeds into the field. It helps to improve the nutrient content of the soil.
Notes:
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38 Crop growing 52 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of yellow sticky trap:
Monitor the traps if any sucking pest and brown plant hoppers and green plant hoppers. If it is identified take the precautionary measures to reduce the damage of the crop.
Notes:
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39 Crop growing 54 (+/- 0) 2.0 Monitoring of anthracnose:
Anthracnose incidence is higher at this stage.Taking precautionary measures to bring down the pathogen spread is suggested.
Notes:
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40 Crop growing 56 (+/- 0) 1.0 Spraying of panchakavya solution:
Panchagavya acts as a growth regulator and gives better results when sprayed as foliar spray at booting and tillering stage.Filter the content before use.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Panchakavya
3.00
Litre / acre
e -
2 Water
100.00
Litre / acre
e -
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41 Crop growing 58 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of yellow sticky trap:
Monitor the traps if any sucking pest and brown plant hoppers and green plant hoppers. If it is identified take the precautionary measures to reduce the damage of the crop.
Notes:
Supplies:
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42 Crop growing 60 (+/- 2) 1.0 Weeding:
Removal of weeds helps to reduce the competition for light,nutrients, between crop and weed. Use cono weeder or manual weeding by hand uprooting of weeds from the field. Conoweeder helps to incorporate the weeds into the field. It helps to improve the nutrient content of the soil.
Notes:
Supplies:
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43 Crop growing 61 (+/- 0) 1.0 Introduce lacewing parasitoids:
Placing of Parasitoids eggs like green lace wing would necessarily monitor the growth of the incidence of pest and it would biologically control the pest by parasitoizing on them.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Chrysoperla carnea eggs
20000.00
numbers / acre
e -
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44 Crop growing 63 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of yellow sticky trap:
Monitor the traps if any sucking pest and brown plant hoppers and green plant hoppers. If it is identified take the precautionary measures to reduce the damage of the crop.
Notes:
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45 Crop growing 68 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of yellow sticky trap:
Monitor the traps if any sucking pest and brown plant hoppers and green plant hoppers. If it is identified take the precautionary measures to reduce the damage of the crop.
Notes:
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46 Crop growing 69 (+/- 2) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigation is necessary at seed germination , pre-flowering , post flowering and pod formation stages.
Notes:
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47 Crop growing 70 (+/- 5) 1.0 Pod formation stage:
At this stage pod formation starts.After 50 days pod reaches maturity.
Notes:
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48 Crop growing 70 (+/- 2) 2.0 Monitoring the incidence of pod borer:
Pod borer starts attacking this stage. It bore holes into the pod. It creates economic loss upto 50%.
Notes:
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49 Crop growing 71 (+/- 0) 1.0 Spraying of panchakavya solution:
Panchagavya acts as a growth regulator and gives better results when sprayed as foliar spray at booting and tillering stage.Filter the content before use.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Panchakavya
3.00
Litre / acre
e -
2 Water
100.00
Litre / acre
e -
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50 Crop growing 72 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of light trap:
Monitor the traps if any pest.If there is numerous collection of pest in light trap ,then take a precautionary measure to spray.
Notes:
Supplies:
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51 Crop growing 75 (+/- 0) 1.0 Introduce lacewing parasitoids:
Placing of Parasitoids eggs like green lace wing would necessarily monitor the growth of the incidence of pest and it would biologically control the pest by parasitoizing on them.
Notes:
Supplies:
1 Chrysoperla carnea eggs
20000.00
numbers / acre
e -
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52 Crop growing 80 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring the incidence of pod borer:
Pod borer starts attacking this stage. It bore holes into the pod. It creates economic loss upto 50%.
Notes:
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53 Crop growing 85 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of light trap:
Monitor the traps if any pest.If there is numerous collection of pest in light trap ,then take a precautionary measure to spray.
Notes:
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54 Crop growing 95 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of light trap:
Monitor the traps if any pest.If there is numerous collection of pest in light trap ,then take a precautionary measure to spray.
Notes:
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55 Crop growing 100 (+/- 0) 1.0 Maturation of pod:
Maturation of pod happens randomly by this time it would lead to complete maturation of crop by next 20 days.
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56 Crop growing 105 (+/- 0) 1.0 Monitoring of light trap:
Monitor the traps if any pest.If there is numerous collection of pest in light trap ,then take a precautionary measure to spray.
Notes:
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57 Crop growing 120 (+/- 10) 1.0 Complete maturation of pod:
By this stage harvesting can be done.The leaves gets dried and started falling done.
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58 Crop growing 129 (+/- 10) 1.0 Harvest:
At this stage harvest the pods. The pods can be collected by shredding.
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Protocol Section
Day info:
Day Days Upto +/- Ordinal in that Day
Name :
Description :
Notes :
Supply :Rate : eg., 50 Kg / Acre
/ Acre