Practices(s) List for a protocol

Protocol Details:

Protocol NameBrinjal_Organic_Mainfield_English
CropBrinjal
Protocol TypeOrganic
AuthorVenkatesh Lakshmanan
NotesTransplant



Practices List:
Sl. No Protocol Section Day (+/- Days) Order in that day Name, Description, Notes and Supplies PropertiesAdd New Practice
1 Preparation -21 (+/- 1) 1.0 Climate,Soil and Season:
Brinjal performs well in tropical climate with Red/Red loamy soil of pH 6.0-7.5. It also performs in Black soil but the yield is comparitively low. Kharif : May - July, Rabi : September - February
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2 Preparation -21 (+/- 1) 2.0 Field sanitation:
Remove the previous season crop,crop residues & weeds completely from the field. This practise reduces the spread of some pests from previous to present season. Usage of chemicals is also gradually reduced.
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3 Preparation -21 (+/- 3) 3.0 First ploughing:
Plough the soil with disc plough which cuts and incorporate the weeds into the soil and the soil is opened up for better aeration
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4 Preparation -21 (+/- 1) 4.0 Basal preparation:
Prepare the organic basal mixture consists of of decomposed farm yard manure+neem cake+azospirillum+phosphobacteria+Trichoderma+pseudomonas as per the given ratio.This is often called as enriched basal mixture. After mixing the basal heap the mixture,sprinkle water over the heap and covered with gunny bags and place it under the shade for a week (or) If it is difficult to enrich farm yard manure,apply farm yard manure separately to the field & mix the remaining azospirillum+phosphobacteria+trichoderma+pseudomonas+neem cake + farm yard manure 200kg separately after mixing the basal heap the mixture,sprinkle water over the heap and covered with gunny bags and place it under the shade for a week. Moisture is more important for enrichment,check the moisture and sprinkle the water if needed.
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5 Preparation -14 (+/- 1) 1.0 Basal application:
Apply the basal and the Manure ( ex: farm yard manure ) equally to the field.
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6 Preparation -14 (+/- 1) 2.0 Second ploughing:
After the application of basal mixture plough the field with cultivator to break the clods into fine tilth.
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7 Preparation -7 (+/- 3) 1.0 Third ploughing:
Plough the soil with rotavator/cultivator to make fine tilth of soil
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8 Preparation -3 (+/- 1) 1.0 Bed formation and drip setup:
Form the bed size of 4ft width,1/2ft height and convenient length. Arrange the laterals, it should be in the centre of the bed and the dripper or emitter spacing is 45cm.Irrigate the beds completely before 8-12 hours of transplanting.
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9 Preparation -3 (+/- 2) 2.0 Trap/Border crop raising:
Take 200 gram of maida, mix it with 1 litre of water and allowed for boiling. After that convert this mixture into 4 litres by adding water to it. In this mixture add Azospirillum+Phosphobacteria+Trichoderma+Pseudomonas as per the given recommendations. Bio fertilizer solution is ready for use. Soak the maize seeds in this mixture and allowed for shade dry. Raise the border crops around the brinjal field. It prevents/inhibits the entry of insects pests and vectors(carry disease causing pathogens).. Sow 3 - 5 rows of treated maize seeds at a spacing of 20 cm between the plants. The sowing depth should be 4-5 cm.
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10 Sowing 1 (+/- -3) 1.0 Transplanting:
Transplant 28-30 days old seedlings height of 12-15cm with 3-4 leaves. Seedlings should have a strong stem,well developed roots,dark green leaves,seedlings should be free from pests & diseases,it should be of uniform height & straight stem. Transplant the seedlings immediately after uprooting from the nursery. Transplant the seedlings after dipping with Trichoderma and Pseudomonas. Planting at a spacing of 150cm×45cm(row to row spacing is 150cm and plant to plant spacing is 45cm).
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11 Crop growing 2 (+/- 0) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
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12 Crop growing 3 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
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13 Crop growing 5 (+/- 1) 1.0 Humic acid spray:
Spray humic acid as per the given ratio. While spraying check the moisture level of the soil. Moisture favours easy absorbtion of the humic acid and helps to build the soil micro organisms and increases the soil fertility. Avoid spraying during the dry conditions.
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14 Crop growing 6 (+/- 1) 1.0 Bio Fertilizer Solution Preparation:
Mix jaggery and flour ( Black gram/Green gram/red gram/horse gram ) as per the given recommendations. After mixing pour 10 litres of water and allowed for boiling. Then change it to 200 litres plastic container and fill the half of the container with water. Add Azospirillum+Phosphobacteria+Trichoderma+Pseudomonas as per the given ratio and mix well. After that fill the container with water @ full capacity. All of them are mixed and kept under shade, covered by a gunny bag to facilitate aeration. The mixture is stirred by using a stick for 1 minute once a day for three days. Clean the stick after use ( otherwise mosquitoes lay eggs on sticks which affects the quality when again used for stirring ). Allow it for three days and check for any insects infections daily.
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15 Crop growing 7 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
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16 Crop growing 10 (+/- 1) 1.0 Organic fertigation:
Mix bio fertilizer solution with water and given as fertigation which helps to build soil microbes and the fertility of soil.
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17 Crop growing 11 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
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18 Crop growing 15 (+/- 1) 1.0 Sucking pest preventive spray:
Mealy bugs are yellowish in colour with white mealy coating. It sucks the sap from leaves, flower buds, petioles, twigs, fruits and even from the stem of the plants. In severe cases development of sooty mould takes on honeydew produced by mealy bugs. Aphids colonise on the under surface of the young leaves, shoots and suck the sap resulting in crinkling and curling of leaves. The young aphids are pale yellowish, green in colour with three dark lines on the back of the abdomen. Leaves appear shiny and sticky due to honeydew excreted by the insects. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Brown plant hopper remain on the undersurface of leaves and suck the sap. While sucking the plant sap, they also inject toxic saliva into the plant tissues, which leads to yellowing. When several insects suck the sap from the same leaf, yellow spots appear on the leaves, followed by crinkling, curling, bronzing, and drying Plants become stunted and may be killed in severe cases. Adults are small, light brown in colour. It converts the floral parts into leafy structures. The plants become bushy & fruiting is also rare. The hopper is a vector of little leaf disease. White fly is a minute yellow insect with white waxy layer. It spreads the yellow vein mosaic virus. It sucks the sap from the plants through which virus is inserted into the plant. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Spider mite is a pest of brinjal. Low relative humidity favours mite multiplication. Different stages of mites are found in colonies covered by white-silky webs on lower surface of leaves. Mites suck cell sap causes white/yellow dots on upper surface of leaves or complete yellowing of leaves. Affected leaves become mottled, turn brown and fall. First spray of Neemazal/Nimbecidine- is given in this stage to prevent the sucking pests. *Note : Use separate sprayers for pesticides spraying and Growth regulator/biocontrol agents/organic sprays (or) If the same sprayer is used for all purpose means wash 2 -3 times and remove the residues after & before spraying. *Note : Spraying in early morning or evening is effective to avoid wind intervention.
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19 Crop growing 15 (+/- 1) 2.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
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20 Crop growing 15 (+/- 1) 2.0 Epilachna beetle inspection:
Both the grubs and adult stages of this pest feeds on the surface of leaves by scraping away the surface cells between the main veins to leave irregular-shaped holes or strips. Heavy feeding damages the leaves, giving them a skeletonized or lace-like appearance. The damaged leaves die, turning brown and curling as they dry before falling off.mIf identified use anyone of the organic way to manage the pest as per the given recommended concontration
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21 Crop growing 15 (+/- 1) 3.0 Cercospora leaf spot inspection:
Symptoms appear on the leaves, petioles, and stems of eggplant. Initially, small, circular to oval chlorotic spots appear that may develop angular or irregular shapes. The spots on leaves can easily be confused with spots caused by a bacterial disease. On closer inspection show distinguishing features. They are generally circular with light to dark tan centers, and the stomata have black spots that can be readily observed using a hand-held magnifying lens. Elliptical to oval lesions may occur on the leaf blades,veins,and petioles. Bacterial leaf spots, conversely, are irregularly shaped or circular spots with clear stomata. Severely infected leaves drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield.
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22 Crop growing 15 (+/- 2) 3.0 Sticky trap installation:
Place the yellow sticky traps and blue randomly in the field at the height of 2-3 fts from the ground level. Instant yellow traps are available in the market. You can also made traps easily in your farm. The main use of these traps is to monitor the presence of sucking pests like aphids,whitefly,brown hoppers. It facilitates early control and reduce further spreading.
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23 Crop growing 15 (+/- 1) 4.0 Tobacco mosaic virus inspection:
Mosaic mottling of leaves and stunting of plants are the characteristic symptoms in early stages but later become severe. Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. The important symptom produced by tobacco mosaic virus is mottling of leaves. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. It is transmitted in the field through aphids. TMV is transmitted by sap, contaminated implements and clothes, soil debris and hands of labour.The virus survives in plant debris in soil. There is no control measure for viral diseases. Only way is to stop the spread of viral diseases by controlling the vector (aphids)
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24 Crop growing 15 (+/- 1) 5.0 Collar rot inspection:
The disease occasionally occurs in serious form. The lower portion of the stem is affected from the soil borne pathogen. Decortications is the main symptom. Necrosis(death of plant cells lead to brown to black in colour of stem) of underlying tissues may lead to collapse of the plant. Lack of plant vigour, accumulation of water around the stem, and mechanical injuries help in development of this disease.
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25 Crop growing 19 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
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26 Crop growing 21 (+/- 1) 2.0 Bio Fertilizer Solution Preparation:
Mix jaggery and flour ( Black gram/Green gram/red gram/horse gram ) as per the given recommendations. After mixing pour 10 litres of water and allowed for boiling. Then change it to 200 litres plastic container and fill the half of the container with water. Add Azospirillum+Phosphobacteria+Trichoderma+Pseudomonas as per the given ratio and mix well. After that fill the container with water @ full capacity. All of them are mixed and kept under shade, covered by a gunny bag to facilitate aeration. The mixture is stirred by using a stick for 1 minute once a day for three days. Clean the stick after use ( otherwise mosquitoes lay eggs on sticks which affects the quality when again used for stirring ). Allow it for three days and check for any insects infections daily.
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27 Crop growing 25 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
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28 Crop growing 25 (+/- 1) 1.0 Organic fertigation:
Mix bio fertilizer solution with water and given as fertigation which helps to build soil microbes and the fertility of soil.
Notes:
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29 Crop growing 25 (+/- 1) 2.0 Sucking pest preventive spray:
Mealy bugs are yellowish in colour with white mealy coating. It sucks the sap from leaves, flower buds, petioles, twigs, fruits and even from the stem of the plants. In severe cases development of sooty mould takes on honeydew produced by mealy bugs. Aphids colonise on the under surface of the young leaves, shoots and suck the sap resulting in crinkling and curling of leaves. The young aphids are pale yellowish, green in colour with three dark lines on the back of the abdomen. Leaves appear shiny and sticky due to honeydew excreted by the insects. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Brown plant hopper remain on the undersurface of leaves and suck the sap. While sucking the plant sap, they also inject toxic saliva into the plant tissues, which leads to yellowing. When several insects suck the sap from the same leaf, yellow spots appear on the leaves, followed by crinkling, curling, bronzing, and drying Plants become stunted and may be killed in severe cases. Adults are small, light brown in colour. It converts the floral parts into leafy structures. The plants become bushy & fruiting is also rare. The hopper is a vector of little leaf disease. White fly is a minute yellow insect with white waxy layer. It spreads the yellow vein mosaic virus. It sucks the sap from the plants through which virus is inserted into the plant. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Spider mite is a pest of brinjal. Low relative humidity favours mite multiplication. Different stages of mites are found in colonies covered by white-silky webs on lower surface of leaves. Mites suck cell sap causes white/yellow dots on upper surface of leaves or complete yellowing of leaves. Affected leaves become mottled, turn brown and fall. Second spray of Neemazal/Nimbecidine- is given in this stage to prevent the sucking pests. *Note : Use separate sprayers for pesticides spraying and Growth regulator/biocontrol agents/organic sprays (or) If the same sprayer is used for all purpose means wash 2 -3 times and remove the residues after & before spraying. *Note : Spraying in early morning or evening is effective to avoid wind intervention.
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30 Crop growing 25 (+/- 1) 3.0 Epilachna beetle inspection:
Both the grubs and adult stages of this pest feeds on the surface of leaves by scraping away the surface cells between the main veins to leave irregular-shaped holes or strips. Heavy feeding damages the leaves, giving them a skeletonized or lace-like appearance. The damaged leaves die, turning brown and curling as they dry before falling off.mIf identified use anyone of the organic way to manage the pest as per the given recommended concontration
Notes:
Supplies:
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31 Crop growing 25 (+/- 1) 4.0 Cercospora leaf spot inspection:
Symptoms appear on the leaves, petioles, and stems of eggplant. Initially, small, circular to oval chlorotic spots appear that may develop angular or irregular shapes. The spots on leaves can easily be confused with spots caused by a bacterial disease. On closer inspection show distinguishing features. They are generally circular with light to dark tan centers, and the stomata have black spots that can be readily observed using a hand-held magnifying lens. Elliptical to oval lesions may occur on the leaf blades,veins,and petioles. Bacterial leaf spots, conversely, are irregularly shaped or circular spots with clear stomata. Severely infected leaves drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield.
Notes:
Supplies:
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32 Crop growing 25 (+/- 1) 5.0 Tobacco mosaic virus inspection:
Mosaic mottling of leaves and stunting of plants are the characteristic symptoms in early stages but later become severe. Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. The important symptom produced by tobacco mosaic virus is mottling of leaves. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. It is transmitted in the field through aphids. TMV is transmitted by sap, contaminated implements and clothes, soil debris and hands of labour.The virus survives in plant debris in soil. There is no control measure for viral diseases. Only way is to stop the spread of viral diseases by controlling the vector (aphids)
Notes:
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33 Crop growing 25 (+/- 1) 6.0 Collar rot inspection:
The disease occasionally occurs in serious form. The lower portion of the stem is affected from the soil borne pathogen. Decortications is the main symptom. Necrosis(death of plant cells lead to brown to black in colour of stem) of underlying tissues may lead to collapse of the plant. Lack of plant vigour, accumulation of water around the stem, and mechanical injuries help in development of this disease.
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34 Crop growing 30 (+/- 1) 1.0 Weeding:
Remove the weeds by hoeing and earthing up with vermicompost. Don't irrigate or fertigate the field before 1 day & after 2 days of weeding.
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35 Crop growing 30 (+/- 2) 2.0 Vermicompost application:
Apply vermicompost to the plants at the base and earthing up. Earthing up means heaping up soil around the base of the plant after removing the weeds
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36 Crop growing 33 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
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37 Crop growing 35 (+/- 2) 1.0 Humic acid spray:
Spray humic acid as per the given ratio. While spraying check the moisture level of the soil. Moisture favours easy absorbtion of the humic acid and helps to build the soil micro organisms and increases the soil fertility. Avoid spraying during the dry conditions.
Notes:
Supplies:
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38 Crop growing 35 (+/- 1) 2.0 Sucking pest preventive spray:
Mealy bugs are yellowish in colour with white mealy coating. It sucks the sap from leaves, flower buds, petioles, twigs, fruits and even from the stem of the plants. In severe cases development of sooty mould takes on honeydew produced by mealy bugs. Aphids colonise on the under surface of the young leaves, shoots and suck the sap resulting in crinkling and curling of leaves. The young aphids are pale yellowish, green in colour with three dark lines on the back of the abdomen. Leaves appear shiny and sticky due to honeydew excreted by the insects. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Brown plant hopper remain on the undersurface of leaves and suck the sap. While sucking the plant sap, they also inject toxic saliva into the plant tissues, which leads to yellowing. When several insects suck the sap from the same leaf, yellow spots appear on the leaves, followed by crinkling, curling, bronzing, and drying Plants become stunted and may be killed in severe cases. Adults are small, light brown in colour. It converts the floral parts into leafy structures. The plants become bushy & fruiting is also rare. The hopper is a vector of little leaf disease. White fly is a minute yellow insect with white waxy layer. It spreads the yellow vein mosaic virus. It sucks the sap from the plants through which virus is inserted into the plant. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Spider mite is a pest of brinjal. Low relative humidity favours mite multiplication. Different stages of mites are found in colonies covered by white-silky webs on lower surface of leaves. Mites suck cell sap causes white/yellow dots on upper surface of leaves or complete yellowing of leaves. Affected leaves become mottled, turn brown and fall. Third spray of Neemazal/Nimbecidine- is given in this stage to prevent the sucking pests. *Note : Use separate sprayers for pesticides spraying and Growth regulator/biocontrol agents/organic sprays (or) If the same sprayer is used for all purpose means wash 2 -3 times and remove the residues after & before spraying. *Note : Spraying in early morning or evening is effective to avoid wind intervention.
Notes:
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39 Crop growing 35 (+/- 1) 3.0 Epilachna beetle inspection:
Both the grubs and adult stages of this pest feeds on the surface of leaves by scraping away the surface cells between the main veins to leave irregular-shaped holes or strips. Heavy feeding damages the leaves, giving them a skeletonized or lace-like appearance. The damaged leaves die, turning brown and curling as they dry before falling off.mIf identified use anyone of the organic way to manage the pest as per the given recommended concontration
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
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40 Crop growing 35 (+/- 1) 4.0 Cercospora leaf spot inspection:
Symptoms appear on the leaves, petioles, and stems of eggplant. Initially, small, circular to oval chlorotic spots appear that may develop angular or irregular shapes. The spots on leaves can easily be confused with spots caused by a bacterial disease. On closer inspection show distinguishing features. They are generally circular with light to dark tan centers, and the stomata have black spots that can be readily observed using a hand-held magnifying lens. Elliptical to oval lesions may occur on the leaf blades,veins,and petioles. Bacterial leaf spots, conversely, are irregularly shaped or circular spots with clear stomata. Severely infected leaves drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield.
Notes:
Supplies:
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41 Crop growing 35 (+/- 1) 5.0 Tobacco mosaic virus inspection:
Mosaic mottling of leaves and stunting of plants are the characteristic symptoms in early stages but later become severe. Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. The important symptom produced by tobacco mosaic virus is mottling of leaves. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. It is transmitted in the field through aphids. TMV is transmitted by sap, contaminated implements and clothes, soil debris and hands of labour.The virus survives in plant debris in soil. There is no control measure for viral diseases. Only way is to stop the spread of viral diseases by controlling the vector (aphids)
Notes:
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42 Crop growing 35 (+/- 1) 6.0 Collar rot inspection:
The disease occasionally occurs in serious form. The lower portion of the stem is affected from the soil borne pathogen. Decortications is the main symptom. Necrosis(death of plant cells lead to brown to black in colour of stem) of underlying tissues may lead to collapse of the plant. Lack of plant vigour, accumulation of water around the stem, and mechanical injuries help in development of this disease.
Notes:
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43 Crop growing 36 (+/- 1) 1.0 Bio Fertilizer Solution Preparation:
Mix jaggery and flour ( Black gram/Green gram/red gram/horse gram ) as per the given recommendations. After mixing pour 10 litres of water and allowed for boiling. Then change it to 200 litres plastic container and fill the half of the container with water. Add Azospirillum+Phosphobacteria+Trichoderma+Pseudomonas as per the given ratio and mix well. After that fill the container with water @ full capacity. All of them are mixed and kept under shade, covered by a gunny bag to facilitate aeration. The mixture is stirred by using a stick for 1 minute once a day for three days. Clean the stick after use ( otherwise mosquitoes lay eggs on sticks which affects the quality when again used for stirring ). Allow it for three days and check for any insects infections daily.
Notes:
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44 Crop growing 37 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
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45 Crop growing 40 (+/- 1) 1.0 Organic fertigation:
Mix bio fertilizer solution with water and given as fertigation which helps to build soil microbes and the fertility of soil.
Notes:
Supplies:
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46 Crop growing 44 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
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47 Crop growing 45 (+/- 0) 1.0 Light trap:
Install light traps to monitor the moths and some adult insect pests
Notes:
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48 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 2.0 Weeding & Earthing up:
Hand hoeing and reduce the bed size into 3 ft and earthing up. Earthing up means heaping up soil around the base of the plant after removing the weeds. Don't irrigate or fertigate the field before 1 day & after 2 days of weeding.
Notes:
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49 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 3.0 Sucking pest preventive spray:
Mealy bugs are yellowish in colour with white mealy coating. It sucks the sap from leaves, flower buds, petioles, twigs, fruits and even from the stem of the plants. In severe cases development of sooty mould takes on honeydew produced by mealy bugs. Aphids colonise on the under surface of the young leaves, shoots and suck the sap resulting in crinkling and curling of leaves. The young aphids are pale yellowish, green in colour with three dark lines on the back of the abdomen. Leaves appear shiny and sticky due to honeydew excreted by the insects. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Brown plant hopper remain on the undersurface of leaves and suck the sap. While sucking the plant sap, they also inject toxic saliva into the plant tissues, which leads to yellowing. When several insects suck the sap from the same leaf, yellow spots appear on the leaves, followed by crinkling, curling, bronzing, and drying Plants become stunted and may be killed in severe cases. Adults are small, light brown in colour. It converts the floral parts into leafy structures. The plants become bushy & fruiting is also rare. The hopper is a vector of little leaf disease. White fly is a minute yellow insect with white waxy layer. It spreads the yellow vein mosaic virus. It sucks the sap from the plants through which virus is inserted into the plant. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Spider mite is a pest of brinjal. Low relative humidity favours mite multiplication. Different stages of mites are found in colonies covered by white-silky webs on lower surface of leaves. Mites suck cell sap causes white/yellow dots on upper surface of leaves or complete yellowing of leaves. Affected leaves become mottled, turn brown and fall. Neemazal/Nimbecidine- is given in this stage to prevent the sucking pests. *Note : Use separate sprayers for pesticides spraying and Growth regulator/biocontrol agents/organic sprays (or) If the same sprayer is used for all purpose means wash 2 -3 times and remove the residues after & before spraying. *Note : Spraying in early morning or evening is effective to avoid wind intervention.
Notes:
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50 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 4.0 Epilachna beetle inspection:
Both the grubs and adult stages of this pest feeds on the surface of leaves by scraping away the surface cells between the main veins to leave irregular-shaped holes or strips. Heavy feeding damages the leaves, giving them a skeletonized or lace-like appearance. The damaged leaves die, turning brown and curling as they dry before falling off
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51 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 5.0 Stem borer inspection:
A pale white caterpillar bore into the stem. Caterpillar bore into the stem and move down ward. Due to this infection the top shoots of the young plants droops and wither. Older plants become stunted. Fruit bearing is also affected.
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52 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 6.0 Bacterial wilt inspection:
Above ground symptoms include drooping/withering of 1-2 leaves on young plants during the heat of the day. Such plants tend to recover at night. Affected leaves turn yellow and remain wilted after a time. The area between leaf veins dies and browns. Usually the main stem of the affected plants remains upright even though all the leaves may wilt and die. Internal symptoms include light tan to yellow-brown discoloration of the vascular tissue. Slimy, sticky ooze forms tan-white to brownish beads where the vascular tissue is cut. When an infected stem is cut across and the cut ends held together for a few seconds, a thin thread of ooze can be seen as the cut ends are slowly separated. If one of the cut ends is suspended in a clear container clean water, bacterial ooze will form a thread in the water.
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53 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 7.0 Cercospora leaf spot inspection:
Symptoms appear on the leaves, petioles, and stems of eggplant. Initially, small, circular to oval chlorotic spots appear that may develop angular or irregular shapes. The spots on leaves can easily be confused with spots caused by a bacterial disease. On closer inspection show distinguishing features. They are generally circular with light to dark tan centers, and the stomata have black spots that can be readily observed using a hand-held magnifying lens. Elliptical to oval lesions may occur on the leaf blades,veins,and petioles. Bacterial leaf spots, conversely, are irregularly shaped or circular spots with clear stomata. Severely infected leaves drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
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54 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 8.0 Alternaria leaf spot inspection:
The disease causes characteristic leaf spots with concentric rings. The spots are mostly irregular and coalesce to cover large areas of the leaf blade. Severely affected leaves drop off. The symptoms on the affected fruits are in the form of large deep-seated spots. The infected fruits turn yellow and drop off prematurely.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
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55 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 9.0 Tobacco mosaic virus inspection:
Mosaic mottling of leaves and stunting of plants are the characteristic symptoms in early stages but later become severe. Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. The important symptom produced by tobacco mosaic virus is mottling of leaves. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. It is transmitted in the field through aphids. TMV is transmitted by sap, contaminated implements and clothes, soil debris and hands of labour.The virus survives in plant debris in soil. There is no control measure for viral diseases. Only way is to stop the spread of viral diseases by controlling the vector (aphids)
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
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56 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 10.0 Collar rot inspection:
The disease occasionally occurs in serious form. The lower portion of the stem is affected from the soil borne pathogen. Decortications is the main symptom. Necrosis(death of plant cells lead to brown to black in colour of stem) of underlying tissues may lead to collapse of the plant. Lack of plant vigour, accumulation of water around the stem, and mechanical injuries help in development of this disease.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
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57 Crop growing 45 (+/- 1) 11.0 Little leaf:
Smallness in leaf size and rosette appearance ( circular arrangement of leaves ) are the most prominent symptoms. This disease is transmitted by a leafhopper (Hishimonus phycitis). In severe cases, affected plants do not bear any fruit, or, if formed, it becomes hard and tough. As there is no control measure remove & through away the plants if it is identified. Control of vector(leaf hopper) which transmits the disease is the way to manage the disease.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
58 Crop growing 48 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
59 Crop growing 52 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
60 Crop growing 55 (+/- 2) 1.0 Humic acid spray:
Spray humic acid as per the given ratio. While spraying check the moisture level of the soil. Moisture favours easy absorbtion of the humic acid and helps to build the soil micro organisms and increases the soil fertility. Avoid spraying during the dry conditions.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
61 Crop growing 56 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
62 Crop growing 56 (+/- 1) 1.0 Bio Fertilizer Solution Preparation:
Mix jaggery and flour ( Black gram/Green gram/red gram/horse gram ) as per the given recommendations. After mixing pour 10 litres of water and allowed for boiling. Then change it to 200 litres plastic container and fill the half of the container with water. Add Azospirillum+Phosphobacteria+Trichoderma+Pseudomonas as per the given ratio and mix well. After that fill the container with water @ full capacity. All of them are mixed and kept under shade, covered by a gunny bag to facilitate aeration. The mixture is stirred by using a stick for 1 minute once a day for three days. Clean the stick after use ( otherwise mosquitoes lay eggs on sticks which affects the quality when again used for stirring ). Allow it for three days and check for any insects infections daily.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
63 Crop growing 59 (+/- 2) 1.0 Panchakavya spray:
Panchakavya is a organic product which promotes growth and immunity to plants & boosts flowering
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
64 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 1.0 Organic fertigation:
Mix bio fertilizer solution with water and given as fertigation which helps to build soil microbes and the fertility of soil.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
65 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 2.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
66 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 3.0 Sucking pest preventive spray:
Mealy bugs are yellowish in colour with white mealy coating. It sucks the sap from leaves, flower buds, petioles, twigs, fruits and even from the stem of the plants. In severe cases development of sooty mould takes on honeydew produced by mealy bugs. Aphids colonise on the under surface of the young leaves, shoots and suck the sap resulting in crinkling and curling of leaves. The young aphids are pale yellowish, green in colour with three dark lines on the back of the abdomen. Leaves appear shiny and sticky due to honeydew excreted by the insects. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Brown plant hopper remain on the undersurface of leaves and suck the sap. While sucking the plant sap, they also inject toxic saliva into the plant tissues, which leads to yellowing. When several insects suck the sap from the same leaf, yellow spots appear on the leaves, followed by crinkling, curling, bronzing, and drying Plants become stunted and may be killed in severe cases. Adults are small, light brown in colour. It converts the floral parts into leafy structures. The plants become bushy & fruiting is also rare. The hopper is a vector of little leaf disease. White fly is a minute yellow insect with white waxy layer. It spreads the yellow vein mosaic virus. It sucks the sap from the plants through which virus is inserted into the plant. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Spider mite is a pest of brinjal. Low relative humidity favours mite multiplication. Different stages of mites are found in colonies covered by white-silky webs on lower surface of leaves. Mites suck cell sap causes white/yellow dots on upper surface of leaves or complete yellowing of leaves. Affected leaves become mottled, turn brown and fall. Neemazal/Nimbecidine- is given in this stage to prevent the sucking pests. *Note : Use separate sprayers for pesticides spraying and Growth regulator/biocontrol agents/organic sprays (or) If the same sprayer is used for all purpose means wash 2 -3 times and remove the residues after & before spraying. *Note : Spraying in early morning or evening is effective to avoid wind intervention.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
67 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 4.0 Epilachna beetle inspection:
Both the grubs and adult stages of this pest feeds on the surface of leaves by scraping away the surface cells between the main veins to leave irregular-shaped holes or strips. Heavy feeding damages the leaves, giving them a skeletonized or lace-like appearance. The damaged leaves die, turning brown and curling as they dry before falling off
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
68 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 5.0 Bacterial wilt inspection:
Above ground symptoms include drooping/withering of 1-2 leaves on young plants during the heat of the day. Such plants tend to recover at night. Affected leaves turn yellow and remain wilted after a time. The area between leaf veins dies and browns. Usually the main stem of the affected plants remains upright even though all the leaves may wilt and die. Internal symptoms include light tan to yellow-brown discoloration of the vascular tissue. Slimy, sticky ooze forms tan-white to brownish beads where the vascular tissue is cut. When an infected stem is cut across and the cut ends held together for a few seconds, a thin thread of ooze can be seen as the cut ends are slowly separated. If one of the cut ends is suspended in a clear container clean water, bacterial ooze will form a thread in the water.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
69 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 6.0 Cercospora leaf spot inspection:
Symptoms appear on the leaves, petioles, and stems of eggplant. Initially, small, circular to oval chlorotic spots appear that may develop angular or irregular shapes. The spots on leaves can easily be confused with spots caused by a bacterial disease. On closer inspection show distinguishing features. They are generally circular with light to dark tan centers, and the stomata have black spots that can be readily observed using a hand-held magnifying lens. Elliptical to oval lesions may occur on the leaf blades,veins,and petioles. Bacterial leaf spots, conversely, are irregularly shaped or circular spots with clear stomata. Severely infected leaves drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
70 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 7.0 Alternaria leaf spot inspection:
The disease causes characteristic leaf spots with concentric rings. The spots are mostly irregular and coalesce to cover large areas of the leaf blade. Severely affected leaves drop off. The symptoms on the affected fruits are in the form of large deep-seated spots. The infected fruits turn yellow and drop off prematurely.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
71 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 8.0 Tobacco mosaic virus inspection:
Mosaic mottling of leaves and stunting of plants are the characteristic symptoms in early stages but later become severe. Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. The important symptom produced by tobacco mosaic virus is mottling of leaves. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. It is transmitted in the field through aphids. TMV is transmitted by sap, contaminated implements and clothes, soil debris and hands of labour.The virus survives in plant debris in soil. There is no control measure for viral diseases. Only way is to stop the spread of viral diseases by controlling the vector (aphids)
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
72 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 9.0 Little leaf:
Smallness in leaf size and rosette appearance ( circular arrangement of leaves ) are the most prominent symptoms. This disease is transmitted by a leafhopper (Hishimonus phycitis). In severe cases, affected plants do not bear any fruit, or, if formed, it becomes hard and tough. As there is no control measure remove & through away the plants if it is identified. Control of vector(leaf hopper) which transmits the disease is the way to manage the disease.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
73 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 10.0 Phytophthora fruit rot inspection:
White to gray fungal-like water-soaked or depressed spot may appear during wet, humid periods, starting on the oldest part of the fruit lesion. Phytophthora fruit rot in eggplant lacks the concentric patterns and dark fruiting structures present with Phomopsis rot
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
74 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 11.0 Shoot & Fruit borer inspection:
Mosaic mottling of leaves and stunting of plants are the characteristic symptoms in early stages but later become severe. Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. The important symptom produced by tobacco mosaic virus is mottling of leaves. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. It is transmitted in the field through aphids. TMV is transmitted by sap, contaminated implements and clothes, soil debris and hands of labour.The virus survives in plant debris in soil. There is no control measure for viral diseases. Only way is to stop the spread of viral diseases by controlling the vector (aphids)
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
75 Crop growing 60 (+/- 1) 12.0 Stem borer inspection:
Larvae/caterpillar is brownish white colour. The infestation starts during early stage of the crop and continues throughout the fruiting stage. Initially the larvae attacks the shoots result in drooping of shoots and dead heart. Later stages, the larvae starts to feed on flower buds and fruits but it prefer more on fruits, the infestation during fruit set causes shedding of buds. While feeding it thrusts its head inside the fruit leaving the rest of its body outside. Affected fruit show entry hole plugged with excreta and make them unfit for consumption.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
76 Crop growing 64 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
77 Crop growing 65 (+/- 1) 1.0 Pheremone trap installation:
Install pheromone trap to monitor the moths of shoot and fruit borer and also some pests. It also controls the insect pests by attracting the male insect.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
78 Crop growing 68 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
79 Crop growing 72 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
80 Crop growing 75 (+/- 1) 2.0 Sucking pest preventive spray:
Mealy bugs are yellowish in colour with white mealy coating. It sucks the sap from leaves, flower buds, petioles, twigs, fruits and even from the stem of the plants. In severe cases development of sooty mould takes on honeydew produced by mealy bugs. Aphids colonise on the under surface of the young leaves, shoots and suck the sap resulting in crinkling and curling of leaves. The young aphids are pale yellowish, green in colour with three dark lines on the back of the abdomen. Leaves appear shiny and sticky due to honeydew excreted by the insects. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Brown plant hopper remain on the undersurface of leaves and suck the sap. While sucking the plant sap, they also inject toxic saliva into the plant tissues, which leads to yellowing. When several insects suck the sap from the same leaf, yellow spots appear on the leaves, followed by crinkling, curling, bronzing, and drying Plants become stunted and may be killed in severe cases. Adults are small, light brown in colour. It converts the floral parts into leafy structures. The plants become bushy & fruiting is also rare. The hopper is a vector of little leaf disease. White fly is a minute yellow insect with white waxy layer. It spreads the yellow vein mosaic virus. It sucks the sap from the plants through which virus is inserted into the plant. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Spider mite is a pest of brinjal. Low relative humidity favours mite multiplication. Different stages of mites are found in colonies covered by white-silky webs on lower surface of leaves. Mites suck cell sap causes white/yellow dots on upper surface of leaves or complete yellowing of leaves. Affected leaves become mottled, turn brown and fall. Neemazal/Nimbecidine- is given in this stage to prevent the sucking pests. *Note : Use separate sprayers for pesticides spraying and Growth regulator/biocontrol agents/organic sprays (or) If the same sprayer is used for all purpose means wash 2 -3 times and remove the residues after & before spraying. *Note : Spraying in early morning or evening is effective to avoid wind intervention.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
81 Crop growing 75 (+/- 1) 3.0 Epilachna beetle inspection:
Both the grubs and adult stages of this pest feeds on the surface of leaves by scraping away the surface cells between the main veins to leave irregular-shaped holes or strips. Heavy feeding damages the leaves, giving them a skeletonized or lace-like appearance. The damaged leaves die, turning brown and curling as they dry before falling off
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
82 Crop growing 75 (+/- 1) 4.0 Shoot & Fruit borer inspection:
Larvae/caterpillar is brownish white colour. The infestation starts during early stage of the crop and continues throughout the fruiting stage. Initially the larvae attacks the shoots result in drooping of shoots and dead heart. Later stages, the larvae starts to feed on flower buds and fruits but it prefer more on fruits, the infestation during fruit set causes shedding of buds. While feeding it thrusts its head inside the fruit leaving the rest of its body outside. Affected fruit show entry hole plugged with excreta and make them unfit for consumption.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
83 Crop growing 75 (+/- 1) 5.0 Stem borer inspection:
A pale white caterpillar bore into the stem. Caterpillar bore into the stem and move down ward. Due to this infection the top shoots of the young plants droops and wither. Older plants become stunted. Fruit bearing is also affected.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
84 Crop growing 75 (+/- 1) 6.0 Bacterial wilt inspection:
Above ground symptoms include drooping/withering of 1-2 leaves on young plants during the heat of the day. Such plants tend to recover at night. Affected leaves turn yellow and remain wilted after a time. The area between leaf veins dies and browns. Usually the main stem of the affected plants remains upright even though all the leaves may wilt and die. Internal symptoms include light tan to yellow-brown discoloration of the vascular tissue. Slimy, sticky ooze forms tan-white to brownish beads where the vascular tissue is cut. When an infected stem is cut across and the cut ends held together for a few seconds, a thin thread of ooze can be seen as the cut ends are slowly separated. If one of the cut ends is suspended in a clear container clean water, bacterial ooze will form a thread in the water.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
85 Crop growing 75 (+/- 1) 7.0 Cercospora leaf spot inspection:
Symptoms appear on the leaves, petioles, and stems of eggplant. Initially, small, circular to oval chlorotic spots appear that may develop angular or irregular shapes. The spots on leaves can easily be confused with spots caused by a bacterial disease. On closer inspection show distinguishing features. They are generally circular with light to dark tan centers, and the stomata have black spots that can be readily observed using a hand-held magnifying lens. Elliptical to oval lesions may occur on the leaf blades,veins,and petioles. Bacterial leaf spots, conversely, are irregularly shaped or circular spots with clear stomata. Severely infected leaves drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
86 Crop growing 75 (+/- 1) 8.0 Alternaria leaf spot inspection:
The disease causes characteristic leaf spots with concentric rings. The spots are mostly irregular and coalesce to cover large areas of the leaf blade. Severely affected leaves drop off. The symptoms on the affected fruits are in the form of large deep-seated spots. The infected fruits turn yellow and drop off prematurely.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
87 Crop growing 75 (+/- 1) 9.0 Phytophthora fruit rot inspection:
White to gray fungal-like water-soaked or depressed spot may appear during wet, humid periods, starting on the oldest part of the fruit lesion. Phytophthora fruit rot in eggplant lacks the concentric patterns and dark fruiting structures present with Phomopsis rot
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
88 Crop growing 75 (+/- 1) 10.0 Tobacco mosaic virus inspection:
Mosaic mottling of leaves and stunting of plants are the characteristic symptoms in early stages but later become severe. Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. The important symptom produced by tobacco mosaic virus is mottling of leaves. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. It is transmitted in the field through aphids. TMV is transmitted by sap, contaminated implements and clothes, soil debris and hands of labour.The virus survives in plant debris in soil. There is no control measure for viral diseases. Only way is to stop the spread of viral diseases by controlling the vector (aphids)
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
89 Crop growing 75 (+/- 1) 11.0 Little leaf:
Smallness in leaf size and rosette appearance ( circular arrangement of leaves ) are the most prominent symptoms. This disease is transmitted by a leafhopper (Hishimonus phycitis). In severe cases, affected plants do not bear any fruit, or, if formed, it becomes hard and tough. As there is no control measure remove & through away the plants if it is identified. Control of vector(leaf hopper) which transmits the disease is the way to manage the disease.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
90 Crop growing 76 (+/- 1) 1.0 Bio Fertilizer Solution Preparation:
Mix jaggery and flour ( Black gram/Green gram/red gram/horse gram ) as per the given recommendations. After mixing pour 10 litres of water and allowed for boiling. Then change it to 200 litres plastic container and fill the half of the container with water. Add Azospirillum+Phosphobacteria+Trichoderma+Pseudomonas as per the given ratio and mix well. After that fill the container with water @ full capacity. All of them are mixed and kept under shade, covered by a gunny bag to facilitate aeration. The mixture is stirred by using a stick for 1 minute once a day for three days. Clean the stick after use ( otherwise mosquitoes lay eggs on sticks which affects the quality when again used for stirring ). Allow it for three days and check for any insects infections daily.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
91 Crop growing 76 (+/- 11) 2.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
92 Crop growing 80 (+/- 1) 1.0 Organic fertigation:
Mix bio fertilizer solution with water and given as fertigation which helps to build soil microbes and the fertility of soil.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
93 Crop growing 80 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
94 Crop growing 84 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
95 Crop growing 85 (+/- 1) 1.0 Panchakavya spray:
Panchakavya is a organic product which promotes growth and immunity to plants & boosts flowering
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
96 Crop growing 88 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
97 Crop growing 90 (+/- 0) 1.0 Micro nutrients spray:
Micro nutrients mixture is applied as foliar spray to prevent the deficiencis and to boost the growth of plants
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
98 Crop growing 90 (+/- 1) 2.0 Sucking pest preventive spray:
Mealy bugs are yellowish in colour with white mealy coating. It sucks the sap from leaves, flower buds, petioles, twigs, fruits and even from the stem of the plants. In severe cases development of sooty mould takes on honeydew produced by mealy bugs. Aphids colonise on the under surface of the young leaves, shoots and suck the sap resulting in crinkling and curling of leaves. The young aphids are pale yellowish, green in colour with three dark lines on the back of the abdomen. Leaves appear shiny and sticky due to honeydew excreted by the insects. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Brown plant hopper remain on the undersurface of leaves and suck the sap. While sucking the plant sap, they also inject toxic saliva into the plant tissues, which leads to yellowing. When several insects suck the sap from the same leaf, yellow spots appear on the leaves, followed by crinkling, curling, bronzing, and drying Plants become stunted and may be killed in severe cases. Adults are small, light brown in colour. It converts the floral parts into leafy structures. The plants become bushy & fruiting is also rare. The hopper is a vector of little leaf disease. White fly is a minute yellow insect with white waxy layer. It spreads the yellow vein mosaic virus. It sucks the sap from the plants through which virus is inserted into the plant. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Spider mite is a pest of brinjal. Low relative humidity favours mite multiplication. Different stages of mites are found in colonies covered by white-silky webs on lower surface of leaves. Mites suck cell sap causes white/yellow dots on upper surface of leaves or complete yellowing of leaves. Affected leaves become mottled, turn brown and fall. Neemazal/Nimbecidine- is given in this stage to prevent the sucking pests. *Note : Use separate sprayers for pesticides spraying and Growth regulator/biocontrol agents/organic sprays (or) If the same sprayer is used for all purpose means wash 2 -3 times and remove the residues after & before spraying. *Note : Spraying in early morning or evening is effective to avoid wind intervention.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
99 Crop growing 90 (+/- 1) 3.0 Epilachna beetle inspection:
Both the grubs and adult stages of this pest feeds on the surface of leaves by scraping away the surface cells between the main veins to leave irregular-shaped holes or strips. Heavy feeding damages the leaves, giving them a skeletonized or lace-like appearance. The damaged leaves die, turning brown and curling as they dry before falling off
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
100 Crop growing 90 (+/- 1) 4.0 Shoot & Fruit borer inspection:
Larvae/caterpillar is brownish white colour. The infestation starts during early stage of the crop and continues throughout the fruiting stage. Initially the larvae attacks the shoots result in drooping of shoots and dead heart. Later stages, the larvae starts to feed on flower buds and fruits but it prefer more on fruits, the infestation during fruit set causes shedding of buds. While feeding it thrusts its head inside the fruit leaving the rest of its body outside. Affected fruit show entry hole plugged with excreta and make them unfit for consumption.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
101 Crop growing 90 (+/- 1) 5.0 Stem borer inspection:
A pale white caterpillar bore into the stem. Caterpillar bore into the stem and move down ward. Due to this infection the top shoots of the young plants droops and wither. Older plants become stunted. Fruit bearing is also affected.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
102 Crop growing 90 (+/- 1) 6.0 Bacterial wilt inspection:
Above ground symptoms include drooping/withering of 1-2 leaves on young plants during the heat of the day. Such plants tend to recover at night. Affected leaves turn yellow and remain wilted after a time. The area between leaf veins dies and browns. Usually the main stem of the affected plants remains upright even though all the leaves may wilt and die. Internal symptoms include light tan to yellow-brown discoloration of the vascular tissue. Slimy, sticky ooze forms tan-white to brownish beads where the vascular tissue is cut. When an infected stem is cut across and the cut ends held together for a few seconds, a thin thread of ooze can be seen as the cut ends are slowly separated. If one of the cut ends is suspended in a clear container clean water, bacterial ooze will form a thread in the water.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
103 Crop growing 90 (+/- 1) 7.0 Cercospora leaf spot inspection:
Symptoms appear on the leaves, petioles, and stems of eggplant. Initially, small, circular to oval chlorotic spots appear that may develop angular or irregular shapes. The spots on leaves can easily be confused with spots caused by a bacterial disease. On closer inspection show distinguishing features. They are generally circular with light to dark tan centers, and the stomata have black spots that can be readily observed using a hand-held magnifying lens. Elliptical to oval lesions may occur on the leaf blades,veins,and petioles. Bacterial leaf spots, conversely, are irregularly shaped or circular spots with clear stomata. Severely infected leaves drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
104 Crop growing 90 (+/- 1) 8.0 Alternaria leaf spot inspection:
The disease causes characteristic leaf spots with concentric rings. The spots are mostly irregular and coalesce to cover large areas of the leaf blade. Severely affected leaves drop off. The symptoms on the affected fruits are in the form of large deep-seated spots. The infected fruits turn yellow and drop off prematurely.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
105 Crop growing 90 (+/- 1) 9.0 Phytophthora fruit rot inspection:
White to gray fungal-like water-soaked or depressed spot may appear during wet, humid periods, starting on the oldest part of the fruit lesion. Phytophthora fruit rot in eggplant lacks the concentric patterns and dark fruiting structures present with Phomopsis rot
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
106 Crop growing 90 (+/- 1) 10.0 Tobacco mosaic virus inspection:
Mosaic mottling of leaves and stunting of plants are the characteristic symptoms in early stages but later become severe. Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. The important symptom produced by tobacco mosaic virus is mottling of leaves. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. It is transmitted in the field through aphids. TMV is transmitted by sap, contaminated implements and clothes, soil debris and hands of labour.The virus survives in plant debris in soil. There is no control measure for viral diseases. Only way is to stop the spread of viral diseases by controlling the vector (aphids)
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
107 Crop growing 90 (+/- 1) 11.0 Little leaf:
Smallness in leaf size and rosette appearance ( circular arrangement of leaves ) are the most prominent symptoms. This disease is transmitted by a leafhopper (Hishimonus phycitis). In severe cases, affected plants do not bear any fruit, or, if formed, it becomes hard and tough. As there is no control measure remove & through away the plants if it is identified. Control of vector(leaf hopper) which transmits the disease is the way to manage the disease.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
108 Crop growing 92 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
109 Crop growing 95 (+/- 2) 2.0 Panchakavya spray:
Panchakavya is a organic product which promotes growth and immunity to plants & boosts flowering
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
110 Crop growing 96 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
111 Crop growing 100 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
112 Crop growing 104 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
113 Crop growing 105 (+/- 1) 1.0 Sucking pest preventive spray:
Mealy bugs are yellowish in colour with white mealy coating. It sucks the sap from leaves, flower buds, petioles, twigs, fruits and even from the stem of the plants. In severe cases development of sooty mould takes on honeydew produced by mealy bugs. Aphids colonise on the under surface of the young leaves, shoots and suck the sap resulting in crinkling and curling of leaves. The young aphids are pale yellowish, green in colour with three dark lines on the back of the abdomen. Leaves appear shiny and sticky due to honeydew excreted by the insects. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Brown plant hopper remain on the undersurface of leaves and suck the sap. While sucking the plant sap, they also inject toxic saliva into the plant tissues, which leads to yellowing. When several insects suck the sap from the same leaf, yellow spots appear on the leaves, followed by crinkling, curling, bronzing, and drying Plants become stunted and may be killed in severe cases. Adults are small, light brown in colour. It converts the floral parts into leafy structures. The plants become bushy & fruiting is also rare. The hopper is a vector of little leaf disease. White fly is a minute yellow insect with white waxy layer. It spreads the yellow vein mosaic virus. It sucks the sap from the plants through which virus is inserted into the plant. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Spider mite is a pest of brinjal. Low relative humidity favours mite multiplication. Different stages of mites are found in colonies covered by white-silky webs on lower surface of leaves. Mites suck cell sap causes white/yellow dots on upper surface of leaves or complete yellowing of leaves. Affected leaves become mottled, turn brown and fall. Neemazal/Nimbecidine- is given in this stage to prevent the sucking pests. *Note : Use separate sprayers for pesticides spraying and Growth regulator/biocontrol agents/organic sprays (or) If the same sprayer is used for all purpose means wash 2 -3 times and remove the residues after & before spraying. *Note : Spraying in early morning or evening is effective to avoid wind intervention.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
114 Crop growing 105 (+/- 1) 2.0 Epilachna beetle inspection:
Both the grubs and adult stages of this pest feeds on the surface of leaves by scraping away the surface cells between the main veins to leave irregular-shaped holes or strips. Heavy feeding damages the leaves, giving them a skeletonized or lace-like appearance. The damaged leaves die, turning brown and curling as they dry before falling off
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
115 Crop growing 105 (+/- 1) 3.0 Shoot & Fruit borer inspection:
Larvae/caterpillar is brownish white colour. The infestation starts during early stage of the crop and continues throughout the fruiting stage. Initially the larvae attacks the shoots result in drooping of shoots and dead heart. Later stages, the larvae starts to feed on flower buds and fruits but it prefer more on fruits, the infestation during fruit set causes shedding of buds. While feeding it thrusts its head inside the fruit leaving the rest of its body outside. Affected fruit show entry hole plugged with excreta and make them unfit for consumption.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
116 Crop growing 105 (+/- 1) 4.0 Stem borer inspection:
A pale white caterpillar bore into the stem. Caterpillar bore into the stem and move down ward. Due to this infection the top shoots of the young plants droops and wither. Older plants become stunted. Fruit bearing is also affected.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
117 Crop growing 105 (+/- 1) 5.0 Bacterial wilt inspection:
Above ground symptoms include drooping/withering of 1-2 leaves on young plants during the heat of the day. Such plants tend to recover at night. Affected leaves turn yellow and remain wilted after a time. The area between leaf veins dies and browns. Usually the main stem of the affected plants remains upright even though all the leaves may wilt and die. Internal symptoms include light tan to yellow-brown discoloration of the vascular tissue. Slimy, sticky ooze forms tan-white to brownish beads where the vascular tissue is cut. When an infected stem is cut across and the cut ends held together for a few seconds, a thin thread of ooze can be seen as the cut ends are slowly separated. If one of the cut ends is suspended in a clear container clean water, bacterial ooze will form a thread in the water.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
118 Crop growing 105 (+/- 1) 6.0 Cercospora leaf spot inspection:
Symptoms appear on the leaves, petioles, and stems of eggplant. Initially, small, circular to oval chlorotic spots appear that may develop angular or irregular shapes. The spots on leaves can easily be confused with spots caused by a bacterial disease. On closer inspection show distinguishing features. They are generally circular with light to dark tan centers, and the stomata have black spots that can be readily observed using a hand-held magnifying lens. Elliptical to oval lesions may occur on the leaf blades,veins,and petioles. Bacterial leaf spots, conversely, are irregularly shaped or circular spots with clear stomata. Severely infected leaves drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
119 Crop growing 105 (+/- 1) 7.0 Alternaria leaf spot inspection:
The disease causes characteristic leaf spots with concentric rings. The spots are mostly irregular and coalesce to cover large areas of the leaf blade. Severely affected leaves drop off. The symptoms on the affected fruits are in the form of large deep-seated spots. The infected fruits turn yellow and drop off prematurely.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
120 Crop growing 105 (+/- 1) 8.0 Phytophthora fruit rot inspection:
White to gray fungal-like water-soaked or depressed spot may appear during wet, humid periods, starting on the oldest part of the fruit lesion. Phytophthora fruit rot in eggplant lacks the concentric patterns and dark fruiting structures present with Phomopsis rot
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
121 Crop growing 105 (+/- 1) 9.0 Tobacco mosaic virus inspection:
Mosaic mottling of leaves and stunting of plants are the characteristic symptoms in early stages but later become severe. Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. The important symptom produced by tobacco mosaic virus is mottling of leaves. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. It is transmitted in the field through aphids. TMV is transmitted by sap, contaminated implements and clothes, soil debris and hands of labour.The virus survives in plant debris in soil. There is no control measure for viral diseases. Only way is to stop the spread of viral diseases by controlling the vector (aphids)
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
122 Crop growing 105 (+/- 1) 10.0 Little leaf:
Smallness in leaf size and rosette appearance ( circular arrangement of leaves ) are the most prominent symptoms. This disease is transmitted by a leafhopper (Hishimonus phycitis). In severe cases, affected plants do not bear any fruit, or, if formed, it becomes hard and tough. As there is no control measure remove & through away the plants if it is identified. Control of vector(leaf hopper) which transmits the disease is the way to manage the disease.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
123 Crop growing 106 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
124 Crop growing 110 (+/- 0) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
125 Crop growing 114 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
126 Crop growing 118 (+/- 2) 1.0 Panchakavya spray:
Panchakavya is a organic product which promotes growth and immunity to plants & boosts flowering
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
127 Crop growing 118 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
128 Crop growing 120 (+/- 1) 1.0 Sucking pest preventive spray:
Mealy bugs are yellowish in colour with white mealy coating. It sucks the sap from leaves, flower buds, petioles, twigs, fruits and even from the stem of the plants. In severe cases development of sooty mould takes on honeydew produced by mealy bugs. Aphids colonise on the under surface of the young leaves, shoots and suck the sap resulting in crinkling and curling of leaves. The young aphids are pale yellowish, green in colour with three dark lines on the back of the abdomen. Leaves appear shiny and sticky due to honeydew excreted by the insects. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Brown plant hopper remain on the undersurface of leaves and suck the sap. While sucking the plant sap, they also inject toxic saliva into the plant tissues, which leads to yellowing. When several insects suck the sap from the same leaf, yellow spots appear on the leaves, followed by crinkling, curling, bronzing, and drying Plants become stunted and may be killed in severe cases. Adults are small, light brown in colour. It converts the floral parts into leafy structures. The plants become bushy & fruiting is also rare. The hopper is a vector of little leaf disease. White fly is a minute yellow insect with white waxy layer. It spreads the yellow vein mosaic virus. It sucks the sap from the plants through which virus is inserted into the plant. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Spider mite is a pest of brinjal. Low relative humidity favours mite multiplication. Different stages of mites are found in colonies covered by white-silky webs on lower surface of leaves. Mites suck cell sap causes white/yellow dots on upper surface of leaves or complete yellowing of leaves. Affected leaves become mottled, turn brown and fall. Neemazal/Nimbecidine- is given in this stage to prevent the sucking pests. *Note : Use separate sprayers for pesticides spraying and Growth regulator/biocontrol agents/organic sprays (or) If the same sprayer is used for all purpose means wash 2 -3 times and remove the residues after & before spraying. *Note : Spraying in early morning or evening is effective to avoid wind intervention.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
129 Crop growing 120 (+/- 1) 2.0 Epilachna beetle inspection:
Both the grubs and adult stages of this pest feeds on the surface of leaves by scraping away the surface cells between the main veins to leave irregular-shaped holes or strips. Heavy feeding damages the leaves, giving them a skeletonized or lace-like appearance. The damaged leaves die, turning brown and curling as they dry before falling off
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
130 Crop growing 120 (+/- 1) 3.0 Shoot & Fruit borer inspection:
Larvae/caterpillar is brownish white colour. The infestation starts during early stage of the crop and continues throughout the fruiting stage. Initially the larvae attacks the shoots result in drooping of shoots and dead heart. Later stages, the larvae starts to feed on flower buds and fruits but it prefer more on fruits, the infestation during fruit set causes shedding of buds. While feeding it thrusts its head inside the fruit leaving the rest of its body outside. Affected fruit show entry hole plugged with excreta and make them unfit for consumption.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
131 Crop growing 120 (+/- 1) 4.0 Stem borer inspection:
A pale white caterpillar bore into the stem. Caterpillar bore into the stem and move down ward. Due to this infection the top shoots of the young plants droops and wither. Older plants become stunted. Fruit bearing is also affected.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
132 Crop growing 120 (+/- 1) 5.0 Bacterial wilt inspection:
Above ground symptoms include drooping/withering of 1-2 leaves on young plants during the heat of the day. Such plants tend to recover at night. Affected leaves turn yellow and remain wilted after a time. The area between leaf veins dies and browns. Usually the main stem of the affected plants remains upright even though all the leaves may wilt and die. Internal symptoms include light tan to yellow-brown discoloration of the vascular tissue. Slimy, sticky ooze forms tan-white to brownish beads where the vascular tissue is cut. When an infected stem is cut across and the cut ends held together for a few seconds, a thin thread of ooze can be seen as the cut ends are slowly separated. If one of the cut ends is suspended in a clear container clean water, bacterial ooze will form a thread in the water.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
133 Crop growing 120 (+/- 1) 6.0 Cercospora leaf spot inspection:
Symptoms appear on the leaves, petioles, and stems of eggplant. Initially, small, circular to oval chlorotic spots appear that may develop angular or irregular shapes. The spots on leaves can easily be confused with spots caused by a bacterial disease. On closer inspection show distinguishing features. They are generally circular with light to dark tan centers, and the stomata have black spots that can be readily observed using a hand-held magnifying lens. Elliptical to oval lesions may occur on the leaf blades,veins,and petioles. Bacterial leaf spots, conversely, are irregularly shaped or circular spots with clear stomata. Severely infected leaves drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
134 Crop growing 120 (+/- 1) 7.0 Alternaria leaf spot inspection:
The disease causes characteristic leaf spots with concentric rings. The spots are mostly irregular and coalesce to cover large areas of the leaf blade. Severely affected leaves drop off. The symptoms on the affected fruits are in the form of large deep-seated spots. The infected fruits turn yellow and drop off prematurely.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
135 Crop growing 120 (+/- 1) 8.0 Phytophthora fruit rot inspection:
White to gray fungal-like water-soaked or depressed spot may appear during wet, humid periods, starting on the oldest part of the fruit lesion. Phytophthora fruit rot in eggplant lacks the concentric patterns and dark fruiting structures present with Phomopsis rot
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
136 Crop growing 120 (+/- 1) 9.0 Tobacco mosaic virus inspection:
Mosaic mottling of leaves and stunting of plants are the characteristic symptoms in early stages but later become severe. Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. The important symptom produced by tobacco mosaic virus is mottling of leaves. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. It is transmitted in the field through aphids. TMV is transmitted by sap, contaminated implements and clothes, soil debris and hands of labour.The virus survives in plant debris in soil. There is no control measure for viral diseases. Only way is to stop the spread of viral diseases by controlling the vector (aphids)
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
137 Crop growing 120 (+/- 1) 10.0 Little leaf:
Smallness in leaf size and rosette appearance ( circular arrangement of leaves ) are the most prominent symptoms. This disease is transmitted by a leafhopper (Hishimonus phycitis). In severe cases, affected plants do not bear any fruit, or, if formed, it becomes hard and tough. As there is no control measure remove & through away the plants if it is identified. Control of vector(leaf hopper) which transmits the disease is the way to manage the disease.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
138 Crop growing 122 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
139 Crop growing 126 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
140 Crop growing 128 (+/- 2) 1.0 Panchakavya spray:
Panchakavya is a organic product which promotes growth and immunity to plants & boosts flowering
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
141 Crop growing 130 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
142 Crop growing 134 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
143 Crop growing 135 (+/- 1) 2.0 Sucking pest preventive spray:
Mealy bugs are yellowish in colour with white mealy coating. It sucks the sap from leaves, flower buds, petioles, twigs, fruits and even from the stem of the plants. In severe cases development of sooty mould takes on honeydew produced by mealy bugs. Aphids colonise on the under surface of the young leaves, shoots and suck the sap resulting in crinkling and curling of leaves. The young aphids are pale yellowish, green in colour with three dark lines on the back of the abdomen. Leaves appear shiny and sticky due to honeydew excreted by the insects. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Brown plant hopper remain on the undersurface of leaves and suck the sap. While sucking the plant sap, they also inject toxic saliva into the plant tissues, which leads to yellowing. When several insects suck the sap from the same leaf, yellow spots appear on the leaves, followed by crinkling, curling, bronzing, and drying Plants become stunted and may be killed in severe cases. Adults are small, light brown in colour. It converts the floral parts into leafy structures. The plants become bushy & fruiting is also rare. The hopper is a vector of little leaf disease. White fly is a minute yellow insect with white waxy layer. It spreads the yellow vein mosaic virus. It sucks the sap from the plants through which virus is inserted into the plant. Later the sooty mould grows - have a black coating on the leaves. Spider mite is a pest of brinjal. Low relative humidity favours mite multiplication. Different stages of mites are found in colonies covered by white-silky webs on lower surface of leaves. Mites suck cell sap causes white/yellow dots on upper surface of leaves or complete yellowing of leaves. Affected leaves become mottled, turn brown and fall. Neemazal/Nimbecidine- is given in this stage to prevent the sucking pests. *Note : Use separate sprayers for pesticides spraying and Growth regulator/biocontrol agents/organic sprays (or) If the same sprayer is used for all purpose means wash 2 -3 times and remove the residues after & before spraying. *Note : Spraying in early morning or evening is effective to avoid wind intervention.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
144 Crop growing 135 (+/- 1) 3.0 Epilachna beetle inspection:
Both the grubs and adult stages of this pest feeds on the surface of leaves by scraping away the surface cells between the main veins to leave irregular-shaped holes or strips. Heavy feeding damages the leaves, giving them a skeletonized or lace-like appearance. The damaged leaves die, turning brown and curling as they dry before falling off
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
145 Crop growing 135 (+/- 1) 4.0 Shoot & Fruit borer inspection:
Larvae/caterpillar is brownish white colour. The infestation starts during early stage of the crop and continues throughout the fruiting stage. Initially the larvae attacks the shoots result in drooping of shoots and dead heart. Later stages, the larvae starts to feed on flower buds and fruits but it prefer more on fruits, the infestation during fruit set causes shedding of buds. While feeding it thrusts its head inside the fruit leaving the rest of its body outside. Affected fruit show entry hole plugged with excreta and make them unfit for consumption.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
146 Crop growing 135 (+/- 1) 5.0 Stem borer inspection:
A pale white caterpillar bore into the stem. Caterpillar bore into the stem and move down ward. Due to this infection the top shoots of the young plants droops and wither. Older plants become stunted. Fruit bearing is also affected.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
147 Crop growing 135 (+/- 1) 6.0 Bacterial wilt inspection:
Above ground symptoms include drooping/withering of 1-2 leaves on young plants during the heat of the day. Such plants tend to recover at night. Affected leaves turn yellow and remain wilted after a time. The area between leaf veins dies and browns. Usually the main stem of the affected plants remains upright even though all the leaves may wilt and die. Internal symptoms include light tan to yellow-brown discoloration of the vascular tissue. Slimy, sticky ooze forms tan-white to brownish beads where the vascular tissue is cut. When an infected stem is cut across and the cut ends held together for a few seconds, a thin thread of ooze can be seen as the cut ends are slowly separated. If one of the cut ends is suspended in a clear container clean water, bacterial ooze will form a thread in the water.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
148 Crop growing 135 (+/- 1) 7.0 Cercospora leaf spot inspection:
Symptoms appear on the leaves, petioles, and stems of eggplant. Initially, small, circular to oval chlorotic spots appear that may develop angular or irregular shapes. The spots on leaves can easily be confused with spots caused by a bacterial disease. On closer inspection show distinguishing features. They are generally circular with light to dark tan centers, and the stomata have black spots that can be readily observed using a hand-held magnifying lens. Elliptical to oval lesions may occur on the leaf blades,veins,and petioles. Bacterial leaf spots, conversely, are irregularly shaped or circular spots with clear stomata. Severely infected leaves drop off prematurely, resulting in reduced fruit yield.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
149 Crop growing 135 (+/- 1) 8.0 Alternaria leaf spot inspection:
The disease causes characteristic leaf spots with concentric rings. The spots are mostly irregular and coalesce to cover large areas of the leaf blade. Severely affected leaves drop off. The symptoms on the affected fruits are in the form of large deep-seated spots. The infected fruits turn yellow and drop off prematurely.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
150 Crop growing 135 (+/- 1) 9.0 Tobacco mosaic virus inspection:
Mosaic mottling of leaves and stunting of plants are the characteristic symptoms in early stages but later become severe. Infected leaves are deformed, small and leathery. Very few fruits are produced on infected plants. The important symptom produced by tobacco mosaic virus is mottling of leaves. Leaves also develop blisters in advanced cases. It is transmitted in the field through aphids. TMV is transmitted by sap, contaminated implements and clothes, soil debris and hands of labour.The virus survives in plant debris in soil. There is no control measure for viral diseases. Only way is to stop the spread of viral diseases by controlling the vector (aphids)
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
151 Crop growing 135 (+/- 1) 10.0 Collar rot inspection:
The disease occasionally occurs in serious form. The lower portion of the stem is affected from the soil borne pathogen. Decortications is the main symptom. Necrosis(death of plant cells lead to brown to black in colour of stem) of underlying tissues may lead to collapse of the plant. Lack of plant vigour, accumulation of water around the stem, and mechanical injuries help in development of this disease.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
152 Crop growing 135 (+/- 1) 11.0 Little leaf:
Smallness in leaf size and rosette appearance ( circular arrangement of leaves ) are the most prominent symptoms. This disease is transmitted by a leafhopper (Hishimonus phycitis). In severe cases, affected plants do not bear any fruit, or, if formed, it becomes hard and tough. As there is no control measure remove & through away the plants if it is identified. Control of vector(leaf hopper) which transmits the disease is the way to manage the disease.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
153 Crop growing 138 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
154 Crop growing 142 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
155 Crop growing 146 (+/- 1) 1.0 Irrigation:
Irrigate the field depends on the soil type and moisture content of the soil
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
156 Harvesting 71 (+/- 3) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits. Regular destruction of damage fruits at each harvest in brinjal to reduce the population.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
157 Harvesting 75 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
158 Harvesting 79 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
159 Harvesting 83 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
160 Harvesting 87 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
161 Harvesting 91 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
162 Harvesting 95 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
163 Harvesting 99 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
164 Harvesting 103 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
165 Harvesting 107 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
166 Harvesting 111 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
167 Harvesting 115 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
168 Harvesting 119 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
169 Harvesting 123 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
170 Harvesting 127 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
171 Harvesting 131 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
172 Harvesting 135 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
173 Harvesting 139 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
174 Harvesting 144 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
175 Harvesting 148 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
176 Harvesting 150 (+/- 0) 1.0 Harvest:
Pick the tender and desirable size of brinjal fruits
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
177 Harvesting 150 (+/- 0) 1.0 End of the crop:
The crop life ends, hereafter the yield is completely reduced and there is no economic benefit for further cultivation.
Notes:
Supplies:
Add a new supply
List/Add Properties Clone Practice Edit Practice Delete Practice
Protocol Section
Day info:
Day Days Upto +/- Ordinal in that Day
Name :
Description :
Notes :
Supply :Rate : eg., 50 Kg / Acre
/ Acre